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Music of the future: Teleportation helps create duet between human, quantum computer – Study Finds

§ July 7th, 2020 § Filed under Quantum Computer Comments Off on Music of the future: Teleportation helps create duet between human, quantum computer – Study Finds

A quantum computer. ( Bartek - stock.adobe.com)

PLYMOUTH, England Have we finally reached that seemingly far off future described in countless works of science fiction? While flying cars and casual space suits arent the norm just yet, its clear that modern technology is rapidly advancing.A fascinating new study shows that quantum teleportation can be used to facilitate communication between a human and a quantum computer.

So, what did the team at Plymouth University decide to do first with this groundbreaking discovery? Create a piece of performance art, of course.

Referred to as a high-tech jam session, researchers combined both human and quantum computer generated noises to create a piece of music. They believe this approach can be used to produce unique performance pieces.

The world is racing to build the first practical and powerful quantum computers, and whoever succeeds first will have a scientific and military advantage because of the extreme computing power of these machines. This research shows for the first time that this much-vaunted advantage can also be helpful in the world of making and performing music. No other work has shown this previously in the arts, and it demonstrates that quantum power is something everyone can appreciate and enjoy, says Dr. Alexis Kirke, Senior Research Fellow in the Interdisciplinary Centre for Computer Music Research at the University of Plymouth.

To be clear, were not talking about the version of teleportation seen in Star Trek or Dragon Ball Z.The studys authors usequantumteleportation, which means instantly transmitting quantum data over large distances. For example, quantum teleportation has been used in the past to send data from Earth to a satellite over 870 miles away.

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How is any of this possible? Dr. Kirke uses a system known asMIq (Multi-Agent Interactive qgMuse)whichinvolves an IBM computer following and executing a complex methodology known as Grovers Algorithm.Named after its discoverer, Lov Grover, who developed it in 1996 at Bell Labs, Grovers Algorithm is the second most important quantum algorithm.

Grovers Algorithm is far faster than any traditional algorithm, which was very important for this project because there is no way to transport quantum data without quantum teleportation, according to Dr. Kirke.

So, while Dr. Kirke played a song from Game of Thrones on a piano, a 14-qubit IBM computer rapidly composed accompanying music for the tune.

At the moment there are limits to how complex a real-time computer jamming system can be. The number of musical rules that a human improviser knows intuitively would simply take a computer too long to solve to real-time music. Shortcuts have been invented to speed up this process in rule-based AI music, but using the quantum computer speed-up has not be tried before. So while teleportation cannot move information faster than the speed of light, if remote collaborators want to connect up their quantum computers which they are using to increase the speed of their musical AIs it is 100% necessary. Quantum information simply cannot be transmitted using normal digital transmission systems, Dr. Kirke concludes.

The study is published in the Journal of New Music Research.

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Chicago Quantum Exchange Welcomes Seven New Partners in Tech, Computing and Finance, to Advance Research and Training – Business Wire

§ July 7th, 2020 § Filed under Quantum Computer Comments Off on Chicago Quantum Exchange Welcomes Seven New Partners in Tech, Computing and Finance, to Advance Research and Training – Business Wire

CHICAGO--(BUSINESS WIRE)--The Chicago Quantum Exchange, a growing intellectual hub for the research and development of quantum technology, has added to its community seven new corporate partners in computing, technology and finance that are working to bring about and primed to take advantage of the coming quantum revolution.

These new industry partners are Intel, JPMorgan Chase (NYSE:JPM), Microsoft (NASDAQ:MSFT), Quantum Design, Qubitekk, Rigetti Computing, and Zurich Instruments.

Based at the University of Chicagos Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering, the Chicago Quantum Exchange and its corporate partners advance the science and engineering necessary to build and scale quantum technologies and develop practical applications. The results of their workprecision data from quantum sensors, advanced quantum computers and their algorithms, and securely transmitted informationwill transform todays leading industries. The addition of these partners brings a total of 13 companies in the Chicago Quantum Exchange to work with scientists and engineers at universities and the national laboratories in the region.

These new corporate partners join a robust collaboration of private and public universities, national laboratories, companies, and non-profit organizations. Together, their efforts with federal and state support will enhance the nations leading center for quantum information and engineering here in Chicago, said University of Chicago Provost Ka Yee C. Lee.

The Chicago Quantum Exchange is anchored by the University of Chicago, the U.S. Department of Energys Argonne National Laboratory and Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (both operated for DOE by UChicago), and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and includes the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Northwestern University.

Developing a new technology at natures smallest scales requires strong partnerships with complementary expertise and significant resources. The Chicago Quantum Exchange enables us to engage leading experts, facilities and industries from around the world to advance quantum science and engineering, said David Awschalom, the Liew Family Professor in Molecular Engineering at the University of Chicago, senior scientist at Argonne, and director of the Chicago Quantum Exchange. Our collaborations with these companies will be crucial to speed discovery, develop quantum applications and prepare a skilled quantum workforce.

Many of the new industry partners already have ongoing or recent engagements with CQE and its member institutions. In recent collaborative research, spectrally entangled photons from a Qubitekk entangled photon source were transported and successfully detected after traveling through one section of the Argonne quantum loop.

On another project, UChicago computer scientist Fred Chong and his students worked with both Intel and Rigetti Computing on software and hardware solutions. With Intels support, Chongs team invented a range of software techniques to more efficiently execute quantum programs on a coming crop of quantum hardware. For example, they developed methods that take advantage of the hierarchical structure of important quantum circuits that are critical to the future of reliable quantum computation.

Chicago Quantum Exchange member institutions engage with corporate partners in a variety of collaborative research efforts, joint workshops to develop new research directions, and opportunities to train future quantum engineers. The CQE has existing partnerships with Boeing; IBM; Applied Materials, Inc.; Cold Quanta; HRL Laboratories, LLC; and Quantum Opus, LLC.

The CQEs newest corporate partnerships will help further research possibilities in areas from quantum communication hardware, to quantum computing systems and controls, to finance and cryptography applications.

Jim Clarke, director of quantum hardware at Intel, looks forward to further collaborations with Chicago Quantum Exchange members.

Intel remains committed to solving intractable challenges that lie on the path of achieving quantum practicality, said Clarke. Were focusing our research on new qubit technologies and addressing key bottlenecks in their control and connectivity as quantum systems get larger. Our collaborations with members of the Chicago Quantum Exchange will help us harness our collective areas of expertise to contribute to meaningful advances in these areas.

The Chicago Quantum Exchanges partnership with JPMorgan Chase will enable the use of quantum computing algorithms and software for secure transactions and high-speed trading.

We are excited about the transformative impact that quantum computing can have on our industry, said Marco Pistoia, managing director, head of applied research and engineering at JPMorgan Chase. Collaborating with the Chicago Quantum Exchange will help us to be among the first to develop cutting-edge quantum algorithms for financial use cases, and experiment with the power of quantum computers on relevant problems, such as portfolio optimization and option pricing.

Applying quantum science and technology discoveries to areas such as finance, computing and healthcare requires a robust workforce of scientists and engineers. The Chicago Quantum Exchange integrates universities, national laboratories and leading companies to train the next generation of scientists and engineers and to equip those already in the workforce to transition to quantum careers.

Microsoft is excited to partner with the Chicago Quantum Exchange to accelerate the advancement of quantum computing, said Chetan Nayak, general manager of Microsoft Quantum Hardware. It is through these academic and industry partnerships that well be able to scale innovation and develop a workforce ready to harness the incredible impact of this technology.

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What the end of Moores Law will mean for the tech world and consumers – MyNorthwest.com

§ July 7th, 2020 § Filed under Quantum Computer Comments Off on What the end of Moores Law will mean for the tech world and consumers – MyNorthwest.com

Are we ready for the end of Moores Law? Its something that could have huge ramifications in the tech world, and yet we dont seem to be doing much about it at the moment. So says David Rotman, editor of MIT Technology Review, who joined Seattles Morning News to explain what it is and why it matters.

It was in 1965 that Gordon Moore predicted that the number of transistors you could squeeze into a computer chip would double every year. And then later it became every two years. So its a prediction that you would get more powerful, faster computer chips every two years, he said.

When he predicted it, there were about 50 transistors on a chip. By 1975 it was 65,000 and now its 50 billion transistors on a chip, and thats why we have such powerful devices, Rotman explained. When you think about the progress, almost everything we use, our devices from smartphones to cloud computing to artificial intelligence all depends on the progress. The iPhone is 100,000 times more powerful in computing power than the computer on the Apollo spacecraft that went to the moon.

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So what does it mean if this pace of progress doesnt continue? Weve come to expect the level of ease of use and immediacy that you get from an iPhone with its billions of transistors. Is there a change around the corner?

We know Moores Law will end sooner or later, and no one knows quite when, but it will end (likely within the next 10 years). So what happens next? No one really knows what comes next. And maybe more importantly, no one is really working on whats the next big technology, he said.

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Thats what I found a bit troubling at the end of the article is that were not spending the money and the resources to find the next great technology that will drive progress through the next 50 years.

One of the possibilities is the advent of quantum computing because there youre using particles that presumably are as small as nature permits.

Quantum computing is, for now, very specialized. Its amazing what it may be able to do, but its not a generalized computing technology, he said.

Why do we not appear to be investing in the next big technology? Partially because it might require tossing out the way we do things now.

It would take you to completely throw out the rule book, rethink everything. And thats why Im thinking about what comes after Moores Law, it will end over the next 10 to 20 years, and finding a different approach will mean rethinking everything. And thats going to take a long time its going to take a lot of smart people thinking hard about it, he said.

Many of the things that we really are interested in these days, for example artificial intelligence the idea of self-driving cars or all these things, robotics that think for themselves these amazing technologies are really computational intensive, Rotman said. They require really powerful computers and so we just have an endless appetite for computational power.

Listen to Seattles Morning News weekday mornings from 5 9 a.m. on KIRO Radio, 97.3 FM. Subscribe to thepodcast here.

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Essential Science: Severe warming recorded at the South Pole – Digital Journal

§ July 6th, 2020 § Filed under Quantum Computer Comments Off on Essential Science: Severe warming recorded at the South Pole – Digital Journal

The finding that the South Pole is warming faster than any other place on Earth comes from Ohio University. This is attributed to natural tropical climate variability, which is the product of rises in the level of greenhouse gas. A sign of the extent of warming has been found with studies in the waters. Under glaciers some extremely warm waters have been recorded. In one case the level recorded was more than two degrees above freezing, relating to the water flow beneath the Thwaites Glacier, which is part of the Western Antarctic Ice Sheet.

Lake Pyasino is of glacier origin. It is situated in the southwestern part of the lowlands of the North-Siberian on the territory of Krasnoyarsk territory, approximately 20 kilometers from Norilsk in Russia.

Russian Geography

NASA Earth Observatory map by Lauren Dauphin, using Reference Elevation Model of Antarctica (REMA) data from the Polar Geospatial Center at the University of Minnesota.

NASA

Mountain range in Antarctica

euphro (CC BY-SA 2.0)

The green scum shown in this image is the worst algae bloom Lake Erie has experienced in decades. Vibrant green filaments extend out from the northern shore.

Jesse Allen and Robert Simmon

Robert Swan and his son, Barney will begin an expedition to the South Pole in November, relying only on renewable technologies.

2041 Climate Force

File photo: Donating blood

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Cybersecurity in the quantum era – ETCIO.com

§ July 6th, 2020 § Filed under Quantum Computer Comments Off on Cybersecurity in the quantum era – ETCIO.com

By Tirthankar Dutta

On October 23rd, 2019, Google claimed that they had achieved Quantum supremacy by solving a particularly difficult problem in 200 seconds by using their quantum computer, which is also known as "sycamore." This performance was compared with a Supercomputer known as 'Summit" and built by IBM. According to Google, this classical computer would have taken 10,000 years to solve the same problem.

The advancement of large quantum computers, along with the more computational power it will bring, could have dire consequences for cybersecurity. It is well known that important problems such as factoring, whose considered hardness ensures the security of many widely used protocols (RSA, DSA, ECDSA), can be solved efficiently, if a quantum computer that is sufficiently large, "fault-tolerant" and universal, is developed. However, addressing the imminent risk that adversaries equipped with quantum technologies pose is not the only issue in cybersecurity where quantum technologies are bound to play a role.

Because quantum computing speeds up prime number factorization, computers enabled with that technology can easily break cryptographic keys by quickly calculating or exhaustively searching secret keys. A task considered computationally infeasible by a conventional computer becomes painfully easy, compromising existing cryptographic algorithms used across the board. In the future, even robust cryptographic algorithms will be substantially weakened by quantum computing, while others will no longer be secure at all:

There would be many disconnects on the necessity to change the current cryptographic protocols and infrastructure to counter quantum technologies in a negative way, but we can't deny the fact that future adversaries might use this kind of technology to their benefit. As it allows them to work on millions of computations in parallel, exponentially speeding up the time it takes to process a task.

According to the National, Academies Study notes, "the current quantum computers have very little processing power and are too error-prone to crack today's strong codes. The future code-breaking quantum computers would need 100,000 times more processing power and an error rate 100 times better than today's best quantum computers have achieved. The study does not predict how long these advances might takebut it did not expect them to happen within a decade."

But does this mean that we should wait and watch the evolution of quantum computing, or should we go back to our drawing board to create quantum-resistant cryptography? Thankfully, researchers have been working on a public-key cryptography algorithm that can counter code-breaking efforts by quantum computers. US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) evaluating 69 potential new methods for what it calls "post-quantum cryptography." The institution expects to have a draft standard by 2024, which would then be added to web browsers and other internet applications and systems

No matter when dominant quantum computing arrives, it poses a large security threat. Because the process of adopting new standards can take years, it is wise to begin planning for quantum-resistant cryptography now.

The author is SVP and Head of Information Security at Infoedge.

DISCLAIMER: The views expressed are solely of the author and ETCIO.com does not necessarily subscribe to it. ETCIO.com shall not be responsible for any damage caused to any person/organisation directly or indirectly.

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– Making science fiction a reality: Teleportation helps to create live musical performance – Design Products & Applications

§ July 6th, 2020 § Filed under Quantum Computer Comments Off on – Making science fiction a reality: Teleportation helps to create live musical performance – Design Products & Applications

06 July 2020

However, a new study has described how its status in science fact could actually be employed as another, and perhaps unlikely, form of entertainment live music.

Dr Alexis Kirke, Senior Research Fellow in the Interdisciplinary Centre for Computer Music Research at the University of Plymouth (UK), has for the first time shown that a human musician can communicate directly with a quantum computer via teleportation.

The result is a high-tech jamming session, through which a blend of live human and computer-generated sounds come together to create a unique performance piece.

Speaking about the study, Dr Kirke said: "The world is racing to build the first practical and powerful quantum computers, and whoever succeeds first will have a scientific and military advantage because of the extreme computing power of these machines.

This research shows for the first time that this much-vaunted advantage can also be helpful in the world of making and performing music. No other work has shown this previously in the arts, and it demonstrates that quantum power is something everyone can appreciate and enjoy."

Quantum teleportation is the ability instantaneously to transmit quantum information over vast distances, with scientists having previously used it to send information from Earth to an orbiting satellite over 870 miles away.

In the current study, Dr Kirke describes how he used a system called MIq (Multi-Agent Interactive qgMuse), in which an IBM quantum computer executes a methodology called Grover's Algorithm.

Discovered by Lov Grover at Bell Labs in 1996, it was the second main quantum algorithm (after Shor's algorithm) and gave a huge advantage over traditional computing.

In this instance, it allows the dynamic solving of musical logical rules which, for example, could prevent dissonance or keep to instead of common time.

It is significantly faster than any classical computer algorithm, and Dr Kirke said that speed was essential because there is no way to transmit quantum information other than through teleportation.

The result was that when played the theme from Game of Thrones on the piano, the computer a 14-qubit machine housed at IBM in Melbourne rapidly generated accompanying music that was transmitted back in response.

Dr Kirke, who in 2016 staged the first-ever duet between a live singer and a quantum supercomputer, said: "At the moment there are limits to how complex a real-time computer jamming system can be. The number of musical rules that a human improviser knows intuitively would simply take a computer too long to solve to real-time music. Shortcuts have been invented to speed up this process in rule-based AI music, but using the quantum computer speed-up has not been tried before.

"So, while teleportation cannot move information faster than the speed of light, if remote collaborators want to connect up their quantum computers (which they are using to increase the speed of their musical AIs), it is 100% necessary. Quantum information simply cannot be transmitted using normal digital transmission systems."

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Healthcare Shopping: The new age of consumerism – The Financial Express

§ July 6th, 2020 § Filed under Quantum Computer Comments Off on Healthcare Shopping: The new age of consumerism – The Financial Express

By Lalit Dash

Srishti, a 35-year-old HR professional, recently started experiencing palpitations and shortness of breath. While looking up on the Internet for information on the probable causes of her condition, she found an online health services platform where she could review portfolios of doctors and treatment options allowing her to shop for the best care provider and a treatment plan at a cost she could afford. Booking and paying for the appointment through the hospitals web interface made it easy for her to schedule the visit as per her convenience.

Post consultation she explored online pharmacies and got her medicine at the best rate, earning some loyalty points in the process. Srishtis situation could be ours. With the onset of digital transformation, the healthcare sector is witnessing a major overhaul. Today, an individual is not just a prospective patient, but a customer armed with a shopping list to select the best doctors, facilities and treatment at an affordable cost and at a time and location of her choice. The flow of information is no longer unidirectional (caregiver to care receiver) but bidirectional and consumer choices are made within and outside the clinical environment. This has led to the healthcare system to leapfrog from a legacy PDS (Public Distribution System) model to a supermarket model.

With an increased focus on the quality of consumer experience, healthcare companies are deploying technologies to make care delivery more accessible and personalised. Medical diagnostics, Internet of Medical Things (IoMT), Blockchain, Artificial Intelligence (AI) and data analytics are triggering disruptive innovations that are, in turn, redefining care paradigms.

Technology, as is evident, is a crucial cog in the evolution of consumerism in healthcare. Innovations in cloud computing, mobility solutions, telemedicine, and quantum computing are making their way into mainstream health operations. For instance, AI and ML are pushing this change through algorithms built for diagnostics of chronic diseases. Augmented reality/virtual reality (AR/VR)-led technology is already being put to use to set up virtual care systems that enable doctors to conduct surgeries in remote areas or during times of a public health emergency.

Natural Language Processing (NLP) technology a form of AI that enables computer programs to process and analyse unstructured data from different sources is extensively being used in technical documentation, leading to a faster diagnosis. Additionally, the gamification of healthcare particularly in-patient wellness is enhancing the customer (vs. patient) mindset and reciprocal engagement. Take for instance, mobile apps that run a rewards program for people who accomplish a health-related task every day or those that encourage participation of friends and family in fitness contests.

With the care providers focus shifting more towards value across customer lifecycle, there will be stronger collaboration between healthcare providers and customers for pre-, during- and post-care medical services. As healthcare consumerism continues to grow, healthcare providers will have to learn to adapt to this changing environment to guide and engage consumer as well as secure their loyalty. This will eventually lead to ease in access to care, reduced cost of care and enhanced quality of care benefitting many consumers such as Srishti.

The writer is senior director Technology, Optum Global Solutions

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Solving problems by working together: Could quantum computing hold the key to Covid-19? – ITProPortal

§ July 2nd, 2020 § Filed under Quantum Computer Comments Off on Solving problems by working together: Could quantum computing hold the key to Covid-19? – ITProPortal

Given the enormous potential for quantum computing to change the way we forecast, model and understand the world, many are beginning to question whether it could have helped to better prepare us all for a global pandemic such as the Covid-19 crisis. Governments, organisations and the public are continuing the quest for answers about when this crisis will end and how we can find a way out of the current state of lockdown, and we are all continuing to learn through incremental and experimental steps. It certainly seems plausible that the high compute simulation capabilities of our most revolutionary technology could hold some of the answers and enable us to respond in a more coherent and impactful way.

Big investments have already been made in quantum computing, as countries and companies battle to create the first quantum supercomputer, so they can harness the power of this awesome technology. The World Economic Forum has also recognised the important role that this technology will play in our future, and has a dedicated Global Future Council to drive collaboration between public and private sector organisations engaged in the development of Quantum Computing. Although its unlikely to result in any overnight miracles, its understandable that many are thinking about whether these huge efforts and investments can be turned towards the mutual challenge we face in finding a solution to the Covid-19 pandemic.

There are already some ground-breaking use-cases for quantum computing within the healthcare industry. Where in the past some scientific breakthroughs such as the discovery of penicillin came completely by accident, quantum computing puts scientists in a much stronger position to find what they were looking for, faster. Quantum raises capacity to such a high degree that it would be possible to model penicillin using just a third of the processing power a classical computer would require to do the job meaning it can do more with less, at greater speed.

In the battle against Covid-19, the US Department of Energys Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is already using quantum supercomputers in its search for drug compounds that can treat the disease. IBM has also been using quantum supercomputers to run simulations on thousands of compounds to try and identify which of them is most likely to attach to the spike that Covid-19 uses to inject genetic material into healthy cells, and thereby prevent it. It has already emerged with 77 promising drugs that are worth further investigation and development progress that would have taken years if traditional computing power had been used.

Other businesses are likely to be keen to follow in the footsteps of these examples, and play their own part in dealing with the crisis, but to date its only been the worlds largest organisations that have been using quantum power. At present, many businesses simply dont have the skills and resources needed to fabricate, verify, architect and launch a large-scale quantum computer on their own.

It will be easier to overcome these barriers, and enable more organisations to start getting to work with quantum computing, if they open themselves up to collaboration with partners, rather than trying to go it alone. Instead of locking away their secrets, businesses must be willing to work within an open ecosystem; finding mutually beneficial partnerships will make it much more realistic to drive things forward.

The tech giants have made a lot of early progress with quantum, and partnering with them could prove extremely valuable. Google, for example, claims to have developed a machine that can solve a problem in 200 seconds that would take the worlds fastest supercomputer 10,000 years imagine adding that kind of firepower to your computing arsenal. Google, IBM and Microsoft have already got the ball rolling by creating their own quantum partner networks. IBM Q and Microsoft Quantum Network bring together start-ups, universities, research labs, and Fortune 500 companies, enabling them to enjoy the benefits of exploring and learning together. The Google AI quantum initiative brings together strong academia support along with start-up collaboration on open source frameworks and tools in their lab. Collaborating in this manner, businesses can potentially play their own part in solving the Covid-19 crisis, or preventing future pandemics from doing as much damage.

Those that are leading the way in quantum computing are taking a collaborative approach, acknowledging that no one organisation holds all the answers or all the best ideas. This approach will prove particularly beneficial as we search for a solution to the Covid-19 crisis: its in everyones interests to find an exit to the global shutdown and build knowledge that means we are better-prepared for future outbreaks.

Looking at the bigger picture, despite all the progress that is being made with quantum, traditional computing will still have an important role to play in the short to medium term. Strategically, it makes sense to have quantum as the exploratory left side of the brain, while traditional systems remain in place for key business-as-usual functions. If they can think about quantum-related work in this manner, businesses should begin to feel more comfortable making discoveries and breakthroughs together. This will allow them to speed up the time to market so that ideas can be explored, and new ground broken, much faster than ever before and thats exactly what the world needs right now.

Kalyan Kumar, CVP & CTO, IT Services, HCL Technologies

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Doc’s TML: It’s impossible to tell me how cutting two games from the NFL preseason sucks – The Cincinnati Enquirer

§ July 2nd, 2020 § Filed under Quantum Computer Comments Off on Doc’s TML: It’s impossible to tell me how cutting two games from the NFL preseason sucks – The Cincinnati Enquirer

SportsPulse: Mackenzie Salmon connected with NFLPA Executive Director DeMaurice Smith and asked him if he thinks there will be any normal resemblance of preseason this August. You can guess where the league is leaning. USA TODAY

Were always looking at the bright side here at TML. Were a merry bunch, no cynicism at all. Were proud of our record for snark avoidance. Turn that frown upside down, kids. As we like to say around here, HappyHappy JoyJoy.

Take the current plague, for instance. Its not all bad.

ESPN.com notes, The NFL has shortened its 2020 preseason to two games, a source said, part of a larger acclimatization plan for players after an unprecedented virtual offseason program during thecoronavirus pandemic.

In essence, the league canceled Weeks 1 and 4 of its original preseason schedule.

Its impossible to tell me how that sucks.

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Two bad football games instead of four. You keep the only two Fake Games with any meat on em and ditch the other two. This is awesome. If you buy tickets, you save money. If you watch on TV, youll have several extra hours to live your life. Imagine the possibilities.

Theres more! The plague has shut down movie-making, which means there will be no recycling dumbass superhero flicks in which the world is blown up several times. So many brain cells will be saved.

Its being reported that kiddies in Alabama are throwing plague parties. CNN:

Some young people in Alabamaare throwing Covid-19 parties,a disturbing competition where peoplewho havecoronavirusattend and the first person to get infected receives a payout, local officials said.

The parties are being held in Tuscaloosa, and infected people are urged to attend so others can intentionally contract the virus, City Council member Sonya McKinstry told CNN. She said she heardabout the trend from fire officials.

This is very good news for our collective self esteem. Just when we thought we had the collective IQ of a soup can, we find there are humans dumber than we are.

Roll, COVID. Roll.

ASPIRING COMEDIANS, SHOW US WHATCHOO GOT. . . AL.com:

A bus from Tommy Tubervilles U.S. Senate campaign caught fire tonight on Interstate 59 in northeast Alabama.

No injuries were reported in the incident. Tuberville was not on the bus when the fire started around 8 p.m.

The bus was traveling along I-59 near Hammondville, a tiny DeKalb County town about 10 miles from the Georgia state line. Paul Shashy, Tubervilles campaign manager, said the fire started during a test drive shortly after maintenance.

Man, theres really no limit to the punchlines for that baby.

Give me yours, win fabulous prizes chosen just for you. The phrase Truckster Fire will not be considered.

In other news. . .

MAYBE THE GUY ATE SOME BAD SUSHI. . .

New York Yankeesgeneral manager Brian Cashman andChicago CubsGM Jed Hoyer both said that, under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, teams are not allowed to divulge the name of any player who tests positive.

"The information I've been given is [the media] will be left to try to figure that out," Cashman said. It would be a speculating circumstance [where] you would have to use your journalistic superpowers to determine if there's anything there.

"We're allowed to talk about numbers, but we're not allowed to give individual names," Hoyer told ESPN. "It's up to those individuals to decide if they want to announce it.

"Because COVID-19 is not considered an employment-related injury, we will respect the privacy of the players who test positive or who are under evaluation, and we will defer to their wishes regarding public updates about their status," an MLB spokesperson said in a statement. "Without their voluntary permission, we will not disclose any COVID-19 related information."

PRETENTIOUS WRITING AWARD O THE DAY comes courtesy of The Ringer, in a story about a streaming TV series:

Devscould be divisive in its questionably scientific discussions of quantum computing, the multiverse, and determinism.

No question.

NO GROUP OF JOCKS IS GETTING MORE HOSED than college football players. CBS Sports:

A noted University of Illinois computer science professor has some troubling data to consider regarding widespread infection and even death.

Dr. Sheldon Jacobson told CBS Sports he expects a 30%-50% infection rate of the approximately 13,000 players competing in FBS this season. Based on his research, he also projects 3-7 deaths among those players due to COVID-19.

Jacobson made his projections from CDC data that estimates one death per 1,000 people who have symptoms in the college-age group (18-22). Taking into account that range and medical care provided for football players, the death rate would be lower than the general population, Jacobson said.

Now go ahead and sign those waivers, men.

If I were a parent of a big-time college football recruit, Id stash my son in a cave in Montana for a year before Id let him play COVID roulette at good ol State U.

THIS IS THE WORST YEAR IN NFL HISTORY to be a rookie quarterback. St. Joe Burrow is studying more than a Rhodes Scholar. Hes going through his progressions in his parents basement. Kudos.

Learning to be an NFL QB in your basement is like building a rocket ship in art class.

Calais Campbell wont be dropping by Casa Burrow anytime soon. A Steelers max-blitz on 3rd-and-10 cant be simulated between the divan and the bean-bag chair. Playing QB in the big leagues is strictly learn-by-doing. Never mind that Burrow will have at least two starting O-linemen who are new to the Bengals.

ARE WE HAVING FUN YET?

No? Well lets drink, then. Imbiber Dave does vodka and soda.

FUNMASTER BRIEN says celebrate July 3 by listening to the Bronson Arroyo Band:

If you are looking for a party to celebrate our independence, head over to March First Brewing this Saturday between noon and midnight. They are throwing the ultimate socially distant tailgating experience, closing off their parking lot for beers, food, fireworks, and live music.

This Sycamore Township brewery is inviting everyone to bring lawn chairs and listen to live music from Chris Lee, Stoney Doperella, Hayden Kaye, and the headlining act The Bronson Arroyo Band. There will be a fireworks display at 10 PM.

Other breweries will be in attendance and there will be quite a few food trucks to keep you fed throughout the festivities. Drink tickets are five bucks and a portion of the proceeds goes to the Sycamore Township Cemetery Endowment Fund as well as Sons of the American Revolution.

March First is a brewery named after the birthday of the state of Ohio. They celebrate their heritage through their craft and independent business. The Fourth of July is a great time to reflect on the sacrifices made by those who came before us, and to remember that we are lucky to live in the greatest country in the history of the world. Enjoy yourselves this weekend.

TUNE O THE DAY. . . A little plug for my guy Stacy Mitchhart, Sycamore grad and deluxe guitar player. Hes playing a cigar box here. If you want one, signed by the man hisself, go to his website, stacymitchhart.com and gitcha one.

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Quantum Computing Market Unit Sales to Witness heightened Growth in the Near Future – Owned

§ July 2nd, 2020 § Filed under Quantum Computer Comments Off on Quantum Computing Market Unit Sales to Witness heightened Growth in the Near Future – Owned

An accelerated shift of enterprises from on premise to cloud-based solutions primarily accounts for hefty growth in demand for quantum computing. A recent study of Persistence Market Research (PMR) projects that the globalquantum computing marketwill expand at a stellar CAGR of28%during 2019 2029.

Major companies are developing quantum computers focused on delivering free access to their quantum system through cloud platform, with the objective to create awareness and also to create a community for developers working on quantum computing technology. Through this new way of offering access, companies are targeting universities, research groups and companies focused on quantum computing to practice, test, and develop applications of quantum computing.

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Key Takeaways Quantum Computing Market Study

As the growth of financial industry is expected to be quite strong going forward, there will be many opportunities for quantum computing in the coming years as quantum computing solutions can deliver new way to model financial data compared to the current classical binary computing approaches.

Increasing Research Partnerships between Technology Companies and Universities

Educational institutes across the world are focusing on interdisciplinary theoretical and experimental research on quantum computing technology and its applications across various industry verticals. Major players involved in development of quantum computer are collaborating with educational institutes and research groups that are focusing on advanced quantum technological platforms, with the objective to accelerate their research on quantum computing.

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Is quantum computing ready to leap into the real world? – ARNnet

§ July 2nd, 2020 § Filed under Quantum Computer Comments Off on Is quantum computing ready to leap into the real world? – ARNnet

While tech-industry heavyweights strive for quantum supremacy, IDCs latest research reveals the current state of quantum computing and explains why real-world applications are only a qubit away.

Market research firm IDC predicts that by 2023, 25% of Fortune 500 companies will gain a competitive advantage from quantum computing.

Its a bold prediction given the current dearth of real-world examples of quantum computing in action. However, theres plenty of industry activity to back up IDCs forecast. In fact, early this year at the Consumer Electronics Show the biggest buzz wasnt the newest smartphone, wearable device or autonomous-driving technology, but rather unprecedented computing power based on an area of quantum physics Albert Einstein described as "spooky action at a distance."

While quantum computing hasnt yet factored into solving worldwide problems such as the coronavirus pandemic, that is exactly the type of problem quantum has the potential to address. That potential will turn into a reality, according IBM, one of a handful of tech giants leading the quantum charge. This is the decade that quantum computing gets real, says Katie Pizzolato, director at IBM QStart.

For that reason, Pizzolato said, it was important to keep quantum public-facing rather than keep it a technology buried in research facilities. We wanted to get quantum out of the labs and into the real world, she said in reference to IBMs strong presence at CES.

Companies such as Google, Microsoft, D-Wave and Regetti are also eager to move quantum forward, and based on IDCs recent report Quantum Computing Adoption Trends: 2020 Survey Findings, the technology is building momentum.

According to responses from 520 IT and line-of-business professionals, quantum computing budgets and implementations will increase in the next 18-24 months. Half of all respondents to the IDC survey reported that funds allocated for quantum computing accounted for just 0-2% of the annual IT infrastructure in 2019, but will account for 7-10% in the next 24 months. For companies with more than 10,000 employees, the spending increase is more dramatic more than half of respondents will spend between 9% and 14% on quantum technology over the next two years.

Respondents to the IDC survey were clear where they are focusing their attention: 65% of respondents are using to plan to use cloud-based quantum computing, followed by 45% who use or plan to use quantum algorithms (which includes simulators, optimizations, artificial intelligence, machine learning and deep learning). Quantum networks (44%), hybrid quantum computing (40%) and quantum cryptography (33%) round the top five, according to the IDC survey.

Heather West, IDC senior research analyst, Infrastructure Systems, Platforms and Technology and one of the reports authors, says that quantum computing excels at solving large problems where theres so much data. The initial areas of focus will be AI, business intelligence and overall productivity and efficiency, according to the IDC report.

Very few companies have actually operationalized [quantum computing]. The skillsets are so advanced, and few people really understand quantum, West said, adding that were still at the experimentation stage with algorithms as companies also look to overcome challenges such as cost, security and data transfers between vendors. West points out, however, that there are already practical use cases in areas such as manufacturing and finance.

Right now, West says, the focus is on how to optimize processes. However, in the future, quantum will be applied to larger problems such as how to address climate change and cure diseases.

As IDCs West says, quantum computing isnt without its challenges. IDC cites complex technology, skillset limitations, a lack of available resources, cost, security, data transfer among vendors as barriers to adoption. With so many challenges, its not surprising that when selecting vendors to support quantum technology initiatives big names dominate the responses in the IDC survey. Google tops the list with 37% of respondents citing it as the vendor of choice, followed by Microsoft with 32%, IBM with 27% and Intel with 23&.

What makes quantum computing more powerful than classical computing is that rather relying on binary bits (i.e, either a 1 or 0) quantum computing uses qubits. Qubits can process more data because they can exist in many possible combinations of 1 and 0 simultaneously, known as superposition, processing an enormous number of outcomes.

In addition to superposition, pairs of qubits can be "entangled." This entanglement is what makes quantum computers as powerful as they are. What make it even more intriguing is that no one knows how or why it works, prompting that spooky action description from Einstein.

In classical computing, doubling the amount of bits gives you, as youd expect, twice the computing power. However, thanks to entanglement adding more qubits gives you exponentially more processing power.

If processing power potential is the good news on qubits, their fragile nature is the bad news. Not all qubits are created equal, IBMs Pizzolato says. Qubits are unpredictable and susceptible to environmental noise and errors. After an error they fall back to a binary state of 1 or 0, so the longer the calculation runs without an error, the greater the calculation. The goal is to protect against errors to solve the most challenging problems, Pizzolato says.

How common are these errors? A slight fluctuation in temperature or vibration can cause whats known as "decoherence." And, once a qubit is in decoherence, its calculation has failed and must be run again. For that reason, quantum computers are housed in environments of near absolute zero and with little outside disruption.

More qubits help. The 50 qubits range is when you start to supersede what you can achieve on a supercomputer, says Pizzolato. IBM last fall announced its 14th quantum computer, a 53-qubit system. Its previous quantum computers were 20 qubits. However, quantum is more than qubits. Hardware is at the center of the circle, but then you have the algorithms and the applications, says Pizzolato. More sophisticated algorithms are critical to quantum computings real-world success. Quantum is all about the algorithms you can run and the complexity of those algorithms, she says.

Skills gaps are a challenge for IT in general. With quantum computing, its magnified. Where will the quantum development come from? Peter Rutten, research director and one of the authors of the IDC report, says that the algorithms and application development will come from three distinct personas:

Developers who are intrigued with quantum computing, developers with a physics background (because there are not many jobs in physics) and those working in high-performance-computing operations. Its a seamless transition from HPC algorithms to quantum, Rutten says.

On the one hand, Google, IBM and others appear to be jostling for position in achieving quantum advantage (the point at which quantum computing can solve a program faster than classical computing) and quantum supremacy (when quantum computing solves a program that no conventional computer can solve). In fact, IBM recently publicly refuted Googles claim of achieving quantum supremacy with its 53-qubit computer, its researchers saying that Google failed to fully estimate the resources of a supercomputer, publishing this in an IBM Research blog last October:

Organizational drivers such as improved IT performance and C-level directives correlate with the individual roles most heavily influencing quantum computing investments, namely CIO/IT executives and internal IT steering committees.

Established IT vendors like IBM, Google, Microsoft are preferred quantum computing suppliers and industry partners.

Smaller start-ups are preferred independent software vendors.

Complex technology, skillset limitations and lack of available resources slow quantum computing technology adoption

Other challenges accompanying the adopting quantum computing technology include cost, security and data transfers between vendors.

To increase staff knowledge about quantum computing, organizations will increase the availability of vendor-led training and hire quantum-hardware specialists, engineers and data scientists.

Building quantum systems is a feat of science and engineering, and benchmarking them is a formidable challenge," according to an IBM quantum-computing blog. "Googles experiment is an excellent demonstration of the progress in superconducting-based quantum computing, showing state-of-the-art gate fidelities on a 53-qubit device, but it should not be viewed as proof that quantum computers are supreme over classical computers.

On the other hand, despite the top-tier vendors seemingly jockeying for quantum positions, IDGs Rutten said, its not about competitors going head-to-head. Its hard to compare. No one can tell you [whos ahead] because they are measuring progress in different ways, he says. The notion of quantum being a race is silly.

IDCs West concurs, saying that quantum advances will come from the developer community and technology partnerships. Its not so much a race to the end, because there may not be just one answer.

For its part, IBM has a network of 100 partnerships from commercial (e.g, Goldman Sachs, ExxonMobile, Accenture and others), academic (e.g., MIT, Virginia Tech, Johns Hopkins and dozens of others), startups, government and research sectors.

Even with the likes of Google, IBM and Microsoft pushing quantum computing to go from advantage to supremacy, no one knows where the big innovation will come from, Pizzolato says. The MVP is probably a guy in a lab.

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Professor tackles one more mystery about quantum mechanics and times flow – GeekWire

§ July 2nd, 2020 § Filed under Quantum Computer Comments Off on Professor tackles one more mystery about quantum mechanics and times flow – GeekWire

This computer-generated visualization shows the wavelike pattern of a quantum handshake between a hydrogen atom emitting energy and another atom receiving the energy. (J. Cramer and C. Mead via arXiv)

The University of Washington physicist whoonce ran a crowdfunded experiment on backward causationis now weighing in with a potential solution to one of the longest-running puzzles in quantum mechanics.

John Cramer, a UW physics professor emeritus, teamed up with Caltech electrical engineer and physicist Carver Mead to put forward an explanation for how the indefinite one-and-zero, alive-and-dead state of a quantum system gets translated into a definite observation a phenomenon known as wave function collapse.

Up to now, the mechanism behind wave function collapse has been considered a mystery that is disconnected from established wave mechanics. The result has been that a large number of attempts to explain it have looked elsewhere, Cramer told GeekWire in an email.

In our work, we have discovered that wave function collapse, at least in a simple case, is implicit in the existing formalism, he said, as long as one allows the use of advanced as well as retarded electromagnetic potentials.

In other words, the explanation requires accepting the possibility that time can flow backward as well as forward. And for some physicists, that might be too big of a quantum leap.

Most people just dont like the idea of having the kind of time symmetry that sort of implies that time isnt strictly speaking a one-way street, Cramer acknowledged during a phone interview.

Nevertheless, the idea is getting traction. A math-heavy research paper laying out the concept has been submitted to the open-access journal Symmetry, and Cramer said theres a good chance itll be accepted for publication now that he and Mead have addressed questions raised in peer review.

Were about to send a revised version of the paper back to the journal, he said.

The concept includes elements from what Cramer calls the Transactional Interpretation of quantum mechanics, which he laid out in a 2016 book called The Quantum Handshake. That interpretation, which Mead fleshed out in subsequent work, puts a new spin on the interaction between quantum systems.

Most physicists visualize the emission of electromagnetic energy from an atom in the form of particles namely, photons. But in Cramers interpretation, the energy transfer between atoms is a two-way transaction involving waves rather than particles. One set of waves spreads out from the source to interact with another set of time-reversed confirmation waves from the destination. Interactions between the forward-time waves and the backward-time waves quickly determine where the energy ends up, Cramer said.

The idea in the Transactional Interpretation is that youre using it as a sort of time-symmetric situation, in which its OK to have things going backward in time as well as forward in time, in the limited case where youre doing this handshake, he said.

If time reversal actually exists, would that open the door to the kind of time travel seen in movies such as Back to the Future? Unfortunately for Doc Brown, Mother Nature is very clever about not letting you in on the action, Cramer said. The time symmetry effect makes the equations work, but it wont show up in observations of the energy transfer.

That was also the case five years ago for Cramers retrocausality experiments. The interference patterns that he was hoping would provide the crucial evidence for backward causation ended up canceling each other out.

Nature is sending messages faster than light and backwards in time, but shes not letting you in on the action, Cramer said. Its blocked by this process.

In their research paper, the two physicists consider only the case of energy transfer between two hydrogen atoms, but Cramer said the concept could be extended to multiple atoms in a system.

Is there any way to prove or disprove the seemingly way-out interpretation put forward by Cramer and Mead? Thats tricky:By definition, an interpretation for quantum mechanics is judged by how well it matches up with the mathematics that underlie well-known quantum phenomena.

What you should do is see whether your interpretation can explain as many experiments as possible, Cramer said. My Transactional Interpretation explains more than 26 different quantum optics experiments in great detail how the handshakes work in order to make whats observed in the experiments come out.

He hasnt yet found an experiment that rules out the interpretation, but acknowledges that there are probably a lot more experiments left to check.

Cramer is particularly interested inan experiment known as TEQ, which stands for TEsting the large-scale limit of Quantum mechanics. The experiment has won a 4.4 million ($5 million) grant from the European Commission, and wasfeatured last week in The New York Times Magazine.

TEQs researchers aim to determine the value of a term that they think should be added to the Schrdinger Equation, which describes the wave function of a quantum system. The extra term would describe objectively how the wave function collapses, independently of any observers.

Cramer said TEQ may not turn out the way itsbackers expect.

What we demonstrated here is the mechanism by which the wave function does collapse, he said. And that means, in fact, that those experimenters will be wasting their time and their euros doing that measurement, because theyre almost certain to find that theres no such term.

To see how the quantum handshake works for two hydrogen atoms, check out the three animations in this OneDrive folder.

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Spain Introduces the World’s First Quantum Phase Battery – News – All About Circuits

§ July 2nd, 2020 § Filed under Quantum Computer Comments Off on Spain Introduces the World’s First Quantum Phase Battery – News – All About Circuits

By now, were no stranger to the quantum computing hype. When (or rather, if) they are successfully developed and deliver on their promised potential, quantum computers will be able to solve problems and challenges that would otherwise require hundreds or thousands or more years for current classic computer technology to solve.

In what could be a massive step for quantum computing, researchers from the University of the Basque County claim to have developed the worlds first quantum phase battery.

Today, batteries are ubiquitous, with lithium-ion batteries being the most common out of them, although alternatives do exist. These batteries convert chemical energy into a voltage that can provide power to an electronic circuit.

In contrast, quantum technologies feature circuits based on superconducting materials through which a current can flow without voltage, therefore negating the need for classic chemical batteries. In quantum technologies, the current is induced from a phase difference of the wave function of the quantum circuit related to the wave nature of matter.

A quantum device that can provide a persistent phase difference can be used as a quantum phase battery and induce supercurrents in a quantum circuit, powering it.

This is what the researchers set out to achievecreating such a quantum devicebuilding on an idea first conceived in 2015 by Sebastian Bergeret from the Mesoscopic physics group at the Materials Physics Center. Along with Francesco Giazotto and Elia Strambini from the NEST-CNR Institute, Pisa claims to have built the worlds first functional quantum phase battery.

Bergeret and Tokatlys idea, in short, involves a combination of superconducting and magnetic materials with an intrinsic relativistic effect known as spin-orbit coupling. On top of this idea, Giazotto and Strambini identified a suitable material combination that allowed them to fabricate their quantum phase battery.

Their quantum phase battery consists of an n-doped indium arsenide (InAs) nanowire, which forms the core of the cell, also known as the pile, and aluminum superconducting leads act as poles. The battery is charged by applying an external magnetic field, which can then be turned off.

If quantum batteries are ever to be realized, they could bring significant benefits over their chemical cousins. Among other things, quantum batteries could offer vastly better thermodynamic efficiency and ultra-fast charging times, making them perfect for next-gen applications like electric vehicles.

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Why digital literacy must begin in the classroom – ACS

§ July 2nd, 2020 § Filed under Quantum Computer Comments Off on Why digital literacy must begin in the classroom – ACS

Teachers need to understand digital technologies before they can teach it. Photo: Shutterstock

ACS has recently become a co-signatory to the Rome Declaration Informatics for All.

This sends an important message to governments, particularly those in Australia, about the importance of this subject in schools.

Informatics in Europe is the same as Computer Science or Digital Technologies in Australian education.

Why was the Declaration needed? Informatics (or Computer Science) is the scientific core of the digital society.

It shapes the digital world and change has come quickly.

Informatics is quite distinct from ICT, which we have been using for many years to encourage students to use computers as a tool to enhance their learning in all areas.

But education systems are not agile.

Curriculum reform affects the next generation, and societies tend to be conservative. It worked for me is a common call, as is Back to Basics. New South Wales has adopted this slogan in its curriculum review for 2020.

To introduce a new subject, teachers need to master it and learn to deliver it in the classroom.

This all takes time.

Years, in fact.

Some governments are dragging their feet. Teacher training costs a great deal since their classes require a replacement teacher. Including on-costs, this can be $450 per day.

To master Digital Technologies and its associated pedagogies takes more than a day.

There are 288,294 teachers in Australia.

All the teachers in primary schools (except a few recent graduates) are likely to need 5-10 days training in the Digital Technologies subject.

When you add it up, that is a huge cost to each government.

So, the Rome Declaration urges governments at all levels to use their moral suasion power to ensure Informatics is taught at all levels of schooling.

Laying the foundations for the digital economy needs to start early.

The Digital Technologies subject has been available in the Australian Curriculum since 2016.

This provides learning activities for students in Kindergarten to Year 8, with a nominal time allocation ranging from 30 minutes a week to two hours in the later years.

For Australia to succeed in the post-COVID digital world, we need our students to learn the basics in school.

As an information technology education lecturer, I have seen the looks of shock and horror on the faces of my students as I patiently explain there are alternatives to counting in tens.

These undergraduates have never been exposed to base-two arithmetic, and it strikes them to the core.

These are the folk who are expected to teach Digital Technologies.

They have to master the subject itself before they can go into a classroom to teach it.

Binary is just the beginning for them. Some succeed brilliantly, going on to machine learning and quantum computing.

Likewise, some schools are forging ahead with Digital Technologies, but overall there seems to be a very patchy response across Australia.

Luckily, we have a lot of fun activities to promote learning, from Beebots to MicroBits, and Raspberry Pis to Scratch.

It remains to be seen if governments in Australia will heed the call to follow the Rome Declaration.

Andrew Fluck is a member of the ACS ICT Educators' Committee.

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Physicists Just Quantum Teleported Information Between Particles of Matter – ScienceAlert

§ June 27th, 2020 § Filed under Quantum Computer Comments Off on Physicists Just Quantum Teleported Information Between Particles of Matter – ScienceAlert

By making use of the 'spooky' laws behind quantum entanglement, physicists think have found a way to make information leap between a pair of electrons separated by distance.

Teleporting fundamental states between photonsmassless particles of light is quickly becoming old news, a trick we are still learning to exploit in computing and encrypted communications technology.

But what the latest research has achieved is quantum teleportation between particles of matter electrons something that could help connect quantum computing with the more traditional electronic kind.

"We provide evidence for 'entanglement swapping,' in which we create entanglement between two electrons even though the particles never interact, and 'quantum gate teleportation,' a potentially useful technique for quantum computing using teleportation," says physicist John Nichol from the University of Rochester in New York.

"Our work shows that this can be done even without photons."

Entanglement is physics jargon for what seems like a pretty straightforward concept.

If you buy a pair of shoes from a shop and leave one behind, you'll automatically know which foot it belongs to the moment you get home. The shoes are in a manner of speaking entangled.

If the shopkeeper randomly pulls out its matching partner when you return, you'll think they either remembered your sale, made a lucky guess, or were perhaps a little 'spooky' in their prediction.

The real weirdness arises when we imagine your lonely shoe as being both left and right at the same time, at least until you look at it. At that very moment, the shoe's partner back at the shop also snaps into shape, as if your sneaky peek teleported across that distance.

It's a kind of serendipitous exchange that Einstein felt was a little too spooky for comfort. Nearly a century after physicists raised the possibility, we now know teleportation between entangled particles is how the Universe works on a fundamental level.

While it's not exactly a Star Trek-type teleportation that could beam whole objects across space, the mathematics describing this information jump are mighty useful in carrying out special kinds of calculations in computing.

Typical computer logic is made up of a binary language of bits, labelled either 1s and 0s. Quantum computing is built with qubits that can occupy both states at once providing far greater possibilities that classical technology can't touch.

The problem is the Universe is like a big jumble of shoes, all threatening to turn your delicate game of 'guess which foot' into a nightmare gamble the moment any qubit interacts with its environment.

Manipulating photons to transmit their entangled states is made easier thanks to the fact they can be quickly separated at light speed over huge distances through a vacuum or down an optical fibre.

But separating entangled masses such as pairs of electrons is more of a challenge, given their clunky interactions as they bounce along are almost certain to ruin their mathematically pure quantum state.

It's a challenge well worth the effort, though.

"Individual electrons are promising qubits because they interact very easily with each other, and individual electron qubits in semiconductors are also scalable," saysNichol.

"Reliably creating long-distance interactions between electrons is essential for quantum computing."

To achieve it, the team of physicists and engineers took advantage of some strange fine print in the laws that govern the ways the fundamental particles making up atoms and molecules hold their place.

Any two electrons that share the same quantum spin state can't occupy the same spot in space. But there is a bit of a loophole that says nearby electrons can swap their spins, almost as if your feet could swap shoes if you bring them close enough.

The researchers had previously shownthat this exchange can be manipulated without needing to move the electrons at all, presenting a potential method for teleportation.

This latest advance helps bring the process closer to technological reality, overcoming hurdles that would connect quantum weirdness with existing computing technology.

"We provide evidence for 'entanglement swapping,' in which we create entanglement between two electrons even though the particles never interact, and 'quantum gate teleportation,' a potentially useful technique for quantum computing using teleportation," says Nichol.

"Our work shows that this can be done even without photons."

Of course, we're still some way off replacing photons with electrons for this kind of quantum information transfer. The researchers haven't gone as far as measuring the states of electrons themselves, meaning there could still be all kinds of interference to iron out.

But having strong evidence of the possibility of teleportation between electrons is an encouraging sign of the possibilities open to future engineers.

This research was published in Nature Communications.

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Kudos: Read about faculty, staff and student awards, appointments and achievements – Vanderbilt University News

§ June 27th, 2020 § Filed under Quantum Computer Comments Off on Kudos: Read about faculty, staff and student awards, appointments and achievements – Vanderbilt University News

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Kelsea Best, a Ph.D. student in Earth and Environmental Sciences, has been awarded a graduate student pursuit grant from the National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center to study the human impacts of climate change. Best is leading a team of graduate students from several universities across the U.S. to study connections between climate change and displacement of people in coastal areas of the United States, with financial support for travel, high-performance computational resources and stipends provided by SESYNC.

David Curie, a third-year physics Ph.D. student, has received anOffice of Science Graduate Student Research Fellowshipto conduct part of his dissertation research in a Department of Energy laboratory. Curies work focuses on single-photon sources, which can be used inquantum communicationsand possibly quantum computing.

E. Bronson Ingram College was named the Best Higher Education/Research project for 2019 by Engineering News-Record magazine.

Brandt Eichman, William R. Kenan, Jr. Chair in Biological Sciences and professor of biochemistry, will receive the 2021 International Award from the Biochemical Society, the United Kingdoms leading organization of biochemists. The award, whichrecognizes outstanding and independent research that demonstrates the importance of the molecular biosciences, is given annually to an early- to mid-career scientist who has conducted research outside the U.K. and Ireland.

Mary Jo Gilmer, professor of nursing, has been selected for induction into the International Nurse Researcher Hall of Fame by Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing. The honor, which recognizes significant, sustained international achievement, is considered one of the highest honors in nursing research.

Kathryn Humphreys, assistant professor of psychology and human development, has received a 2020 Janet Taylor Spence Award from the Association for Psychological Science. The award recognizes early-career researchers who have made transformative contributions to the field of psychological science, such as establishing new paradigms within a subject area or advancing research that cuts across fields of study.

Karan Jani, a postdoctoral scholar in the Department of Physics and Astronomy, has been recognized as an All-Star Alumnus by Forbes for his research on black holes. Jani was named to Forbes30 Under 30Science list in 2017.

Jonathan Metzl, Frederick B. Rentschler II Professor of Sociology and Medicine, Health and Society, has received the 2020 Benjamin Rush Award from the American Psychiatric Association. The award recognizes an individual who has made significant contributions to the literature on the history of psychiatry.

Dawool (Lauren) Nam, a senior majoring in chemistry, has received the 2019-20 Girls in STEM Scholarship Award from Girls Who STEM, the mission of which is to increase access and participation of girls in STEM fields and to promote and support girls and women in STEM projects, areas of study and professions.

Roberta Nelson, assistant director of the Office of LGBTQI Life, has received the Promising New Professional Award from the Consortium of LGBT Resource Professionals. The award recognizes a professional with less than five years of experience for outstanding service, innovative or creative effort within the profession, and demonstration of significant promise for leadership in the field.

Laura Nichols, a first-year physics Ph.D. student, has received a Computational Science Graduate Fellowship in overall support of her dissertation research in computational physics. TheCSGF fellowship, awarded to only about 30 individuals nationally per year, supports Ph.D. candidates in the computational sciencesthose who use computer programming to solve problems in scientific disciplines such as physics, biology and chemistry.

Sokrates Pantelides, William A. and Nancy F. McMinn Professor of Physics and professor of electrical engineering, was one of three international scientists honored with the 2019 Award for International Scientific Cooperation by the Chinese Academy of Sciences. A pioneer in the field of semiconductor physics, Pantelides has carried out substantive cooperation with the CAS in developing new low-dimensional materials over the past two decades. In addition, Pantelides was named an honorary professor by Galgotias University in Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India, in conjunction with a talk he gave at an Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers conference in nearby Lucknow.

Cleo Rucker, director of human resources consulting, employee and labor relations, has been appointed to the Metro Nashville Employee Benefits Study and Formulating Committee by Mayor John Cooper. The committees charge is to study and formulate a plan for employee benefits, including disability and retirement benefits, for Metro Nashville employees.

Keivan Stassun, Stevenson Chair in Physics and professor of astronomy and computer science, has been named an inaugural fellow of the American Astronomical Society, the major organization of professional astronomers in North America. The designation recognizes AAS members for extraordinary achievement and service, such as original research and publication, innovative contributions to astronomical techniques or instrumentation, significant contributions to education and public outreach, and noteworthy service to astronomy and to the society itself.

Steven Townsend, assistant professor of chemistry, has been named a Camille Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar for 2020. These faculty are within the first five years of their academic careers, have created an outstanding independent body of scholarship, and are deeply committed to education.

Kip Viscusi, University Distinguished Professor of Law, Economics and Management, has received the American Risk and Insurance Associations 2020 Kulp-Wright Book Award for Pricing Lives: Guideposts for a Safer Society. The award recognizes a risk management and insurance book or monograph that advances the body of knowledge toward new frontiers.

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CBI: Government must take steps to drive SME business innovation – ComputerWeekly.com

§ June 27th, 2020 § Filed under Quantum Computer Comments Off on CBI: Government must take steps to drive SME business innovation – ComputerWeekly.com

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Published: 26 Jun 2020 16:30

The CBI has called on the government to take a strategic, ambitious and expeditious approach to its policy decisions and long-term strategies to support the innovation economy.

In its Building a world-class innovation and digital economy report, the CBI warned that innovation will not realise its full potential without widespread adoption. Research highlighted in the report points to a lack of adoption of tried and tested innovation.

According to the CBI, in 2017, the proportion of UK businesses with basic digital capabilities including websites, internet trading capabilities, customer relationship management and enterprise resource planning systems were lower than the proportion of Danish businesses that had adopted them eight years earlier, in 2009.

The CBI said that this failure to adopt and diffuse innovation throughout the economy has contributed to the UKs relatively low productivity levels and has made it more challenging for some firms to adapt to changes brought about by the coronavirus.

The CBI reported that compared to other European countries, the UK ranked 16th out of 36 in terms of the adoption of product or process innovation in small and mid-sized enterprises (SMEs).

As the UK leaves Europe, the government has proposed a Shared Prosperity Fund to replace the 2.1bn funding structural funding it receives from the EU, which is used to boost economic development, including support for businesses, employment and agriculture.

The CBI recommended thatthe department for business energy and industrial strategy (BEIS) and the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government urgently deliver the UK Shared Prosperity Fund over the next year to support SME innovation adoption, fully replacing European funding and simplifying access.

It also recommended that BEIS deliver a bold end-to-end research and innovation strategy, including expanding Innovate UKs remit to support businesses to adopt innovation. This will help to create a systematic approach to innovation support, ensuring the UK can convert its world-leadingresearch and development (R&D) capabilities into commercial success.

Building on the need for a joined-up R&D policy, the CBI called on the government to set out a bold and systematic approach on key emerging technologies. It suggested that distributed ledger technology (DLT) should top the list as the cutting-edge innovation most set to make an impact in the next five years, along with quantum computing and augmented/virtual reality (AR /VR).

It urged policymakers to draw on the evidence and expertise of UK Research & Innovation, the Office for Science, and departmental chief scientific advisers to scan the horizon and identify the most important emerging technologies to target.

When reforming policies, the CBI suggested that the government learn from international good practice, trial new approaches and be prepared to take risks with innovation funding.

It also said policymakers should also prioritise measures that maximise private sector R&D activity and investment in the UK.

The reports authors wrote: Improving the environment for business R&D must be the central focus for government action. There are also real opportunities to redress regional economic inequality through strategic R&D investment. Investment is currently highly concentrated in certain parts of the UK with three regions accounting for 52% of gross spend.

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A New Startup Intends to Build the World’s First Large-Scale Quantum Computer – Singularity Hub

§ June 22nd, 2020 § Filed under Quantum Computer Comments Off on A New Startup Intends to Build the World’s First Large-Scale Quantum Computer – Singularity Hub

An ambitious plan to build a quantum computer the size of a soccer field could soon become a reality. A startup founded by the researchers behind the idea has just come out of stealth with $4.5 million in funding.

While there has been some headline-grabbing progress in quantum computing in recent yearsnot least Googles announcement that it had achieved quantum supremacy todays devices are still a long way from being put to practical use.

The reason quantum computers are so promising is their potential to solve problems beyond the reach of even the most powerful supercomputers. While bits in a conventional computer can only adopt the values of 1 or 0, the qubits at the heart of a quantum computer can adopt multiple combinations of 1 or 0 at the same time thanks to the quantum mechanical phenomena of superposition.

Another quantum phenomena called entanglement makes it possible to link many of these qubits together. The combination means that while a conventional computer would have to chug through the numbers sequentially, an ideal quantum computer could sort through every possible combination of 1s or 0s instantly.

Given their complexity, though, this is only useful for problems so big that it would take a conventional computer a very long time to work through. That requires a lot of qubits, far more than anyone has managed to string together so far. The superconducting qubits that industry leaders like Google, IBM, and D-Wave use are also noisy, so its expected that wed need even more qubits to carry out error-correction as well.

The difficulty of scaling up these devices is the reason why people often talk of decades before we see practical uses for quantum computers. But in 2017 researchers from the University of Sussex in the UK put forward a bold plan for a modular quantum computer that could quickly scale up to billions of qubits. And now a startup founded by the same team, called Universal Quantum, has come out of stealth with plans to commercialize the idea.

The company is taking a different tack to the market leaders, building its qubits out of trapped ionscharged atoms confined in a particular spot using using electromagnetic fieldsrather than the superconducting circuits that have become the most popular solution in recent years.

Trapped ions are promising because they are all identical and therefore dont suffer from the tiny variations in fabrication that can impact superconducting circuits. Its also possible to push them into particular states and read those states back out with high fidelity. And most importantly, they are able to maintain their fragile quantum states for much longer than other approaches, which gives them more time to carry out calculations.

But combining large numbers of trapped ions in a single device while still maintaining control of them has proven tricky, and circuits made up of trapped ions are much slower than alternative technologies. Most designs so far also require individual lasers to control each qubit, which quickly gets impractical for devices with thousands if not millions of qubits.

Universal Quantum plans to get round this by using microwaves to control the qubits, relying on the same technology that is found in cell phones. They plan to build modular components of roughly 2,500 qubits which can then be linked together to create larger systems.

A downside to this modular approach is that the links between modules can be far slower than the quantum operations going on inside them, even using optical links that run at the speed of light. The company plans to get around this by instead shuttling the ions themselves around the system.

While they havent set any kind of timeline for when they might have a working device up and running, the founders of Universal Quantum told the BBC they are confident the technical capability exists to build the machine. The say the funds theyve raised so far will be used to find a site and key staff, but that theyll have to raise a lot more money to get the job done.

Betting against some of the largest and most powerful technology companies in the world is certainly a risky strategy. But if this plucky startup can pull off its vision, the quantum age may not be as distant as we think.

Image Credit: Winfried Hensinger

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Tech company uses quantum computers to help shipping and trucking industries – FreightWaves

§ June 22nd, 2020 § Filed under Quantum Computer Comments Off on Tech company uses quantum computers to help shipping and trucking industries – FreightWaves

Ed Heinbockel, president and chief executive officer of SavantX, said hes excited about how a powerful new generation of quantum computers can bring practical solutions to industries such as trucking and cargo transport.

With quantum computing, Im very keen on this, because Im a firm believer that its a step change technology, Heinbockel said. Its going to rewrite the way that we live and the way we work.

Heinbockel referred to recent breakthroughs such as Googles quantum supremacy, a demonstration where a programmable quantum processor solved a problem that no classical computer could feasibly solve.

In October 2019, Googles quantum processor, named Sycamore, performed a computation in 200 seconds that would have taken the worlds fastest supercomputer 10,000 years to solve, according to Google.

Jackson, Wyoming-based SavantX also recently formed a partnership with D-Wave Systems Inc., a Burnaby, Canada-based company that develops and offers quantum computing systems, software and services.

With D-Waves quantum services, SavantX has begun offering its Hyper Optimization Nodal Efficiency (HONE) technology to solve optimization problems to customers such as the Pier 300 container terminal project at the Port of Los Angeles.

The project, which began last year, is a partnership between SavantX, Blume Global and Fenix Marine Services. The projects goal is to optimize logistics on the spacing and placement of shipping containers to better integrate with inbound trucks and freight trains. The Pier 300 site handles 1.2 million container lifts per year.

With Pier 300, when do you need trucks at the pier and when and how do you get them scheduled optimally?, Heinbockel said. So the appointing part of it is very important and that is a facet of HONE technology.

Heinbockel added, Were very excited about the Pier 300 project, because HONE is a generalized technology. Then its a question of what other systems can we optimize? In all modes of transportation, the winners are going to be those that can minimize the energy in the systems; energy reduction. Thats all about optimization.

Heinbockel co-founded SavantX in 2015 with David Ostby, the companys chief science officer. SavantX offers data collection and visualization tools for industries ranging from healthcare to nuclear energy to transportation.

Heinbockel also recently announced SavantX will be relocating its corporate research headquarters to Santa Fe, New Mexico. The new center, which could eventually include 100 employees, will be focused on the companys HONE technology and customizing it for individual clients.

Heinbockel said SavantX has been talking to trucking, transportation and aviation companies about how HONE can help solve issues such as driver retention and optimizing schedules.

One of the problems Ive been hearing consistently from trucking companies is that they hire somebody. The HR department tells the new employee well have you home every Thursday night, Heinbockel said. Then you get onto a Friday night or Saturday, and [the driver] is still not home.

Heinbockel said if quantum computing and HONE can be used to help trucking companies with driver retention, and that it will make a lot of companies happy.

Heinbockel said cross-border operations could use HONE to understand what the flow patterns are like for commercial trucks crossing through different ports at various times of the day.

You would optimize your trucking flow based on when those lax periods were at those various ports, or you could ask yourself, is it cheaper for me to send a truck 100 miles out of the way to another port, knowing that it can get right through that port without having to sit for two or three hours in queue, Heinbockel said.

Click for more FreightWaves articles byNoi Mahoney.

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Bits and Bytes at the Bottom – Discovery Institute

§ June 22nd, 2020 § Filed under Quantum Computer Comments Off on Bits and Bytes at the Bottom – Discovery Institute

Editors note: Ken Pedersen holds a PhD in electrical engineering and is a retired Vice President of Raytheon. Jonathan Witt is a senior fellow with Discovery Institutes Center for Science & Culture and the author or co-author of numerous articles and books. A version of this article appears inSalvo 52. It is published here with permission of the authors.

Scientific materialism is an atheistic worldview that sees all reality as the result of accidental collisions and combinations of elementary particles governed by a mysteriously fortuitous set of laws that control how matter interacts. Its a worldview devoid of higher meaning and purpose.

Today, scientific materialism has captured much of the academic world. Science itself has virtually come to be defined as the study of this mechanical, robotic, meaningless, accidental combination of particles of matter and energy. Any belief in design, purpose, ultimate meaning, inherent values, morality, or beauty is ridiculed as equivalent to belief in the Easter Bunny.

Although scientific materialists in the last century didnt usually pretend to have all the answers, most did express confidence that it was only a matter of time before any shortcomings in their paradigm would be shored up by fresh discoveries.

But a funny thing happened on the way to the 21st century.

The computer revolution and information age, combined with advances in microscopy and theoretical physics, have transformed our understanding of the power of information processing and opened our eyes to the deep structures of physical reality. The central insight: the essence of the physical world is energy and information. There is no such thing as mere solid matter. Instead, the substructure of physical reality is an unbelievably complex network of interlocking information-processing systems all working in harmony to afford progressively more capable information-processing systems.

As the renowned theoretical physicist John Wheeler put it, It from Bit. That is, the subatomic realm, along with the laws and constants of physics, which guide and shape physical interactions large and small, are shot through with information. And the information isnt just along for the ride. The material it is literally in-formed by immaterial in-formation. Or as Wheeler elaborated in a fall 1989 paper,1 It from Bit symbolizes the idea that every item of the physical world has at bottom at a very deep bottom, in most instances an immaterial source and explanation.

We now know that three quantum fields undergird physical reality the electron, the up quark and the down quark. These particles are in fact tiny clouds of pure energy. And somehow, they encode digital information for establishing what is known as a particles quantum state.

We do not understand and cannot visualize what this ghostly energy is. But we do know that it cannot be created or destroyed by any natural power. We also know that we can use mathematics to model how these tiny clouds of digital information behave as they flow through time and combine to undergird larger and larger patterns of energy and information.

Think about it. There is a form of digital computing constantly whirring along at the quantum-field level of reality. And that digital computing proceeds upward through the information-processing capacities that emerge to generate, guide, and allow for atoms, radiant energy, hydrogen clouds, galaxies, stars, stardust, planets, molecular chemistry, the DNA-RNA information-coding system, a living cell, multi-cellular life, ecosystems, and ultimately conscious human minds with a capacity for perception, memory, emotions, learning, curiosity, imagination, free will, creativity, and language.

Since these patterns overlap and interfuse one another, the boundary line between one information layer and another is not always neat and discrete, but we can still profitably delineate them. Below the quantum layer or we might say, interpenetrating and informing the quantum layer are the rule sets governing the fundamental forces of electromagnetism, gravity, and the strong and weak nuclear forces. Without those precisely tuned rule sets, there are no atoms more complicated than hydrogen and really, good luck even getting hydrogen. Also, no stars and galaxies, no planets, no life.

Above the level of quantum particles is the atomic layer of information processing, where the various atoms combine into the myriad of chemical compounds that make stars and a planet such as Earth possible. Other layers include the information-processing found in DNA and RNA, the accompanying layer found in the amino acids that code for proteins, the higher-level information-processing systems at the cellular level, and on up the hierarchy to the extraordinary information-processing that occurs in conscious creatures such as ourselves, able to unravel and marvel over these layered networks.

Anyone who understands our current scientific knowledge base has to live in awe of existence, of this multi-layered structure of physical reality, of the purposeful flow of energy and information underpinning both matter and man, of the absolute necessity of all of this for the functioning of our brains and the magnificent physical and mental gifts humans have been given.

One of us (Ken) brings to this a background in computer information processing, mathematics, and physics, along with a career as a system engineer working on advanced information-processing systems and sensors, and overseeing the development of sophisticated missile systems. That advanced technology is all about layer upon layer of information-processing. But the sophistication of those systems is dwarfed by the that of the information systems that undergird nature.

Science can observe what each of these information-processing layers does and, in many cases, accurately model its behavior. Each layer of the design is unique, stunningly complex, and precisely tuned to interface with its adjoining layers. However, a science wedded to materialism cannot explain how the layers came to be or why they exist.

Kens recent book, Modern Science Proves Intelligent Design (Archway, 2019), walks the reader through the systematic emergence of all of these progressively more complex information-processing layers. The origin of the total design is a baffling mystery to scientific materialists. However, for any scientist willing simply to follow the evidence, one purpose of it all strongly suggests itself. Physical reality is designed as a multilayered information-processing system to guide the flow of energy and information from the elemental level of quantum computing up to the miraculous information processing found amidst the neural networks of the human mind.

Some may object that this is anthropic narcissism. Surely the vast reaches of the cosmos, with its billions and billions of galaxies stretching across billions of light years, isnt solely about human beings. We dont claim otherwise. If the universe is the work of purposive design, it quite likely has many purposes. We are only arguing that the layer upon layer of information-processing systems fine-tuned to allow for that most impressive of natural information-processing systems, the human mind/brain, has for one of its purposes creatures like ourselves. As the great mathematician and theoretical physicist Freeman Dyson put it, The more I examine the universe and study the details of its architecture, the more evidence I find that the universe in some sense must have known that we were coming.2

Dyson isnt alone. Many theoretical physicists now recognize the sobering challenge of random accidents creating the multi-layered information-processing system one accidental rule at a time and then accidentally self-assembling these accidental rules into the magnificently complex and bizarre system of tiny clouds of energy that constantly process digital information at the speed of light. This layered network that forms the structure of physical reality could not have sprung from a fortuitous string of a few billion random accidents (make that a few quadzillion accidents if you include the DNA program). It is mathematically impossible.

Instead, the fact that each layer is the precise foundational layer for all of the subsequent higher layers of more complex information processing strongly suggests that each layer was foreseen, and intelligently designed for a purpose.

All of this means that the victory lap for the scientific materialists has been put on hold, indefinitely. Instead, they are scrambling to save their accidental universe.

Also, there is an irony in the way many of them are going about it. After generations of labeling their opponents as irrational and anti-science, many of these materialists now appeal to a kind of supernatural genie to save their accidental universe the claim that beyond the space and time of our universe is a myriad perhaps an infinity of other universes, with ours simply being one of the lucky ones fine-tuned to allow for advanced life. In essence, thanks to the genie known as the multiverse, everything happens somewhere, so why not humans here?

Yes, that is their solution. They dream of genie.

Photo credit:Michael DziedzicviaUnsplash.

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