How Lithium-Ion Batteries Will Continue to Improve – Nanalyze

§ July 3rd, 2020 § Filed under Nanotech Comments Off on How Lithium-Ion Batteries Will Continue to Improve – Nanalyze

Weve recently began the rather interesting exercise of going through and summarizing the more than 1,600 articles published on Nanalyze since we began waxing poetic almost seven years ago exactly. We were surprised to see that when it comes to grid scale storage, flow batteries just never really achieved the traction investors were looking for, with more companies failing than not. On the other hand, lithium batteries have made great progress in powering other new technologies like electric cars, drones, and smartphones.

Lots of banter has been flying around lately regarding battery breakthroughs. The Chinese have developed a million-mile battery, and His Excellency Mr. Elon Musk is hinting at some breakthrough involving supercapacitors thats now expected to be announced in September (thats about six months later than originally anticipated, mainly because of the rona). In the meantime, dozens of startups are working to improve lithium batteries.

A few years ago, we looked at some lithium-ion battery tech startups getting funding, a list which included the below names (disclosed funding in italics):

Lets look at some lithium-ion battery tech startups that have been taking some funding this year along with a bonus a publicly traded stock thats working on improving lithium batteries.

In looking back at all the companies weve looked at that are trying to improve lithium ion batteries, one theme stands out silicon anodes. Welcome to the Era of Supercharged Lithium-Silicon Batteries, was an article published by Wired this past February which puts it simply. Batteries with silicon anodes promise to make devices last more than 20 percent longer on a single charge. Consequently, investors have been pouring money into startups racing to be first-to-market with silicon anodes.

One startup that recently came out of stealth with their own silicon replacement for anodes is ADVANO.

Founded in 2014, New Orleans startup ADVANO has taken in nearly $24 million in funding to solve the notoriously difficult problem of using silicon in place of graphite for battery anodes. The foundation of their technology is an engineered 3D nanostructurethat serves as a graphene replacement. In order to produce this material, they plan to use silicon waste thats a byproduct of manufacturing solar panels or semiconductors. The company came out of stealth last year and is developing their own anode and battery as well.

Backing ADVANO is chemical giant Mitsui along with Peter Thiel and other notable investors who would have had to know about competitors like Nexeon (backed by Invesco and Wacker Chemie, the latter of which recently acquired 25% of the company) and Sila Nanotechnologies (backed by Daimler) who are also developing silicon anodes, and have been doing so for some time. Were not saying theres room for more than one solution, but ultimately one of these three startups has the superior solution. According to the father of the iPod, Tony Faddell, the key challenges with silicon anodes are material expansion, cycle life, cost, and drop-in manufacturing scalability. ADVANO has solved all four, which is why hes a lead investor in the firm.

There are plenty of other competitors in this space, like Amprius, a firm thats developing anodes using silicon nanowires, and took an investment from Airbus last year. The company claims the highest energy density commercial batteries in the industry, though they dont say much about what theyve been up to other than a press release every year or so. The secrecy is understandable given just how much money is pouring into silicon anode startups. Then theres Enevate, a company thats more than doubled their funding since we last looked at them, money thats come from names like Samsung, Lenovo, and LG Chem to develop a battery technology that makes charging electric vehicles as fast as refueling a gas car. In short, there are loads of companies trying to solve the silicon anode puzzle and presumably some big rewards for the winner(s).

One last thing to note on silicon anodes. While researching this piece, we came across an article by Chemical and Engineering News that quotes Lux Research analyst Chloe Holzinger as saying the focus on silicon anodes is temporary, as we expect lithium-metal anodes to take off in the 2030s. In other words, lithium-ion battery improvements are expected to continue for at least a few decades.

Founded in 2006, Fremont, California startup Enovix has taken in just over $191 million in funding to develop a 3D wave array energy storage system for lithium-ion batteries with backing from names like Intel and Qualcomm. Instead of developing a drop-in solution for existing manufacturing processes, Enovix appears to be reinventing the entire manufacturing process along with their own 100% silicon anode thrown in for good measure.

Per the company, Enovix replaces electrode winding in a standard pouch lithium-ion battery production process with proprietary laser patterning and high-speed stacking tools to increase line capacity by 30%. We dont understand what the first part means, but everyone can understand the last part increasing capacity by 30%. The companys latest round of $45 million which closed this past March will be used to complete their fully automated commercial production line by year-end.

Staying on the 3D theme, Israeli startup Addionics has taken in $7 million in funding to develop a patent-protected scalable 3D metal fabrication method they believe will enhance performance, mileage, safety, cost, and charging time of batteries.Instead of messing with battery chemistry, Addionics takes known materials used in the production of batteries and fabricating them into a different 3D structure. An article by InsideEVs provides some more details about the technology and says the company is currently talking with battery manufacturers.

Weve been hearing about how great graphene is for decades now, so were happy to see at least a few companies moving forward with graphene for lithium-ion batteries. If Skeleton Technologies can become a leading supplier of ultracapacitors because of graphene, then why not have a similar success story for lithium batteries?

Founded in 2014, Los Angeles startup Nanotech Energy has taken in nearly $40 million in funding to become (in the companys own words), the worlds top supplier of graphene. As weve talked about before, there are plenty of graphene suppliers, but not enough commercial products that use the stuff at scale. Over the past three years Nanotech Energy has been working on the development of a high-performance, non-flammable battery for Daimler Mercedes hybrid and electric automobiles. In May they closed an oversubscribed Series C for $27.5 million, and within the next year, the company is planning to release an environmentally friendly battery that can charge 18 times faster than anything that is currently available on the market. Theyre not the only company using graphene to improve lithium batteries.

Founded in 2012, Chicago startup NanoGraf Corporation has taken in around $17 million in funding to develop silicon-graphene anode materials enable longer lasting, faster charging batteries. The technology wsa developed, optimized, and patented in collaboration with researchers at Northwestern University and Argonne National Laboratory. The technology utilizes a wet chemistry process that is highly scalable and already proven in a multi ton-scale pilot manufacturing line in Japan. (In 2018, NanoGraf announced a $5.5 million investment partnership with JNC, a Tokyo-based chemical company.)

The technology promises electric vehicles that can travel 50% farther.

On the topic of graphene, note that there are any number of graphite miners cum graphene suppliers that are working miracles with graphene and just need you on board as an investor to make it all happen. Weve seen enough of them fail to know that this isnt something anyone should be investing money in.

Lastly, while researching this article we came across an $83 million publicly traded company called Nano One Materials (NNO:CN) which just announced the development of a coated, single crystal cathode material for lithium ion batteries that is providing up to 4 times improvement in longevity. (These latest innovations are patent pending.) Were excited to hear that, but were not big fans of companies that spend valuable resources on investor relations instead of focusing on their core competency.

In the media section of the companys website, youll find the results of all this IR outreach plenty of lesser-known pundits saying positive things about the company and suggesting that its an opportunity you need to grab before the train leaves to money town choo choo!

Then theres the recent report by Alpha Direct which is listed in the Media section of Nano Ones website. Heres what it says in the fine print of the report.

Any time we see that a publicly-traded firm has decided to go down this path, we recognize it for the red flag that it is and move on. End of story.

Weve seen countless micro caps issue shares ad infinitum while promising that revenues are just around the corner. Theres nothing wrong with this per se, a companys ultimate mandate is to survive. However, if youre a micro-cap company with no revenues thats issuing shares to survive and has been for a while the odds just arent in your favor. You can see for yourself that in 2015 when they did a reverse merger with a mining company shell, Nano One had 44,793,599 shares outstanding. Today, that number sits at 78,739,802. Most investors probably have no idea of how this dilution will affect their investment over time. As we always have, we caution against making investments in companies like Nano One Materials.

The car battery makes up about 30% of the total cost of an electric vehicle, so the goal is to improve performance while maintaining or reducing costs. There are dozens of startups out there trying to improve upon lithium batteries, and weve only covered a handful. Dont forget that Teslas Battery Day in September provided it doesnt get moved again promises us some big news on batteries. All the big producers of lithium batteries arent sitting on their laurels, theyre also working on new ways to improve lithium batteries. Its still anyones race to win.

Here at Nanalyze, we hold the lion's share of our investing dollars in a portfolio of 30 dividend growth stocks. Find out which ones in the Quantigence Dividend Growth Investing report freely available to Nanalyze Premium subscribers.

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How Lithium-Ion Batteries Will Continue to Improve - Nanalyze

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