Heat-related Injuries and How to Stay Cool – Newswise

§ August 10th, 2020 § Filed under Nanotechnology Journal Comments Off on Heat-related Injuries and How to Stay Cool – Newswise

Newswise Hot weather is here. That means it's the perfect time to go for a swim or relax in the shade. But before lathering on the sunscreen and heading outdoors, it's important to know the signs of heat-related injuries and how to stay cool when the temperatures soar.

Heat exhaustionincludes heavy sweating, breathlessness, a fast but weak pulse, headache, dizziness and nausea or vomiting. "Heat exhaustion can happen to anyone overexerting themselves in extreme heat," says BIDMC emergency medicine physicianLaura Burke, MD. "If symptoms are severe, call for medical help right away."

Individuals at an increased risk for heat exhaustion include:

Heat exhaustion can escalate to a life-threatening condition calledheat stroke. "During heat stroke, the body can no longer cool itself down through sweating, which can result in damage to major organs," Burke says.

Symptoms include hot and dry skin, a fever higher than 102F, headache, confusion and unconsciousness. "If you see someone suffering from heat stroke, try to cool the person down by getting to shade or into the air conditioning. Apply cool water with wet cloths and call for medical help immediately," Burke says.

Check out these important tips to help you stay cool and healthy in the heat.

Drink plenty of water.Avoid alcohol, which can impact your ability to sweat properly, and caffeine, which is a natural diuretic. "Two glasses of water per hour is the general rule in extreme heat," Burke says.

Dress in light-colored, loose-fitted clothing.Breathable clothing allows sweat to evaporate. In the hot sun, cover up with a hat andsunscreen.

Limit outdoor activity.If you plan to exercise outdoors, avoid peak hours when temperatures are highest. "Try to rest often in shady areas so that your body's thermostat will have a chance to recover," Burke says.

Take a cool shower.Another way to cool down quickly is to take a cool shower or bath, or to place a cool washcloth on your forehead.

Read moresummer health tipsfrom BIDMC experts.

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Heat-related Injuries and How to Stay Cool - Newswise

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