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Robotic Surgery –

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About Robotic Surgery Robotic surgery, or robot-assisted surgery, allows our surgeons to perform many types of complex procedures with more precision, flexibility and control than is possible with conventional techniques. Robotic surgery is an advanced form of minimally invasive or laparoscopic (small incision) surgery where surgeons use a computer-controlled robot to assist them in certain surgical procedures.

Our specially trained surgeons can use the da Vinci System to perform complex surgeries with a minimally invasive approach that disturbs less tissue surrounding the area being worked on, minimizing and controlling bleeding. The robotic surgical system includes a camera arm and mechanical arms with surgical instruments attached to them. The surgeon controls the arms while seated at a computer console near the operating table. The console gives the surgeon a high-definition, magnified, 3-D view of the surgical site. The robot's "hands" have a high degree of dexterity, allowing surgeons the ability to operate in very tight spaces in the body that would otherwise only be accessible through open (long incision) surgery. The surgical team supervises the robot at the patient's bedside.

Surgeon seated at the computer console of the da Vinci Xi Surgical System

The da Vinci Xi Surgical System

Robotic surgery offers many benefits to patients compared to open surgery, including:

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Robotic Surgery – The Institute for Women’s Health

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What is da Vinci surgery?

The da Vinci Surgical System is one of the most effective, least invasive treatment options for a range of uterine conditions. The da Vinci Surgical System enables surgeons to perform with unmatched precision and control using only a few small incisions.

Although the general term robotic surgery is often used to refer to the technology, this term can give the impression that the robot is performing the surgery. In contrast, the da Vinci Surgical System cannot in any manner run on its own. It is actually robotically-assisted surgery. The System is designed to seamlessly replicate the movement of the surgeons hands with the tips of micro-instruments. The System cannot make decisions, nor can it perform any type of movement or maneuver without the surgeons direct input.

Devices for robotically-assisted surgery are designed to perform regulated and controlled movements after being programmed by a surgeon. The da Vinci Surgical System is a computer-enhanced system that interposes a computer between the surgeons hands and the tips of micro-instruments. The system replicates the surgeons movements in real time.

The da Vinci Surgical System was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in August of 2005. Since then, our surgeons at the Institute For Womens Health have successfully performed over 500 of these procedures.

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Robotic Surgery | Laparoscopic –

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IVF Tennessee > Fertility Info: Health Library > Infertility Treatments > Robotic Surgery

At Tennessee Reproductive Medicine, we help our patients understand all options and only resort to surgery when it provides the best potential for positive results. When surgery is necessary, we offer the most advanced option possible- advanced robotic laparoscopy.

Robotic surgery is an advanced form ofminimally invasivesurgery (also known as laparoscopic surgery). Laparoscopic surgery has changed the way TRM treats most complex gynecologic disorders.

Surgeries for endometriosis, fibroids, pelvic adhesions and tubal blockage previously required a large abdominal incision, inpatient hospital care, and a prolonged recovery. All of these conditions can now be treated with less invasive techniques including laparoscopy.

Minimally invasivesurgery reduces a patients pain and recovery time due to the use of small incisions, instead of the large incisions that are required with traditional abdominal surgery.

Miniaturized surgical instruments are inserted through openings as small as .5 cm, and a small camera is inserted through a separate incision.

The doctor manipulates these instruments while monitoring the process on video. By adding a robotic arm to the laparoscopic process, a surgeon gains precision and range of motion that would be impossible with manually controlled surgery.

Computer controlled scaling gives the doctor the ability to visually zoom in and out to identify areas of interest, and offers high definition and three dimensional visualization which enhance his/her ability to detect abnormalities.

Robotic arms also move the abdominal wall much less than traditional laparoscopic instruments, which reduces postoperative abdominal wall pain.

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Robotic surgery – UT Medical Center

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Robotic surgery is a method to perform surgery using very small tools attached to a robotic arm. The surgeon controls the robotic arm with a computer.

Robot-assisted surgery; Robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery; Laparoscopic surgery with robotic assistance

You will be given general anesthesia so that you are asleep and pain-free.

The surgeon sits at a computer station and directs the movements of a robot. Small surgical tools are attached to the robot's arms.

Robotic surgery is similar to laparoscopic surgery. It can be performed through smaller cuts than open surgery. The small, precise movements that are possible with this type of surgery give it some advantages over standard endoscopic techniques.

The surgeon can make small, precise movements using this method. This can allow the surgeon to do a procedure through a small cut that once could be done only with open surgery.

Once the robotic arm is placed in the abdomen, it is easier for the surgeon to use the surgical tools than with laparoscopic surgery through an endoscope.

The surgeon can also see the area where the surgery is performed more easily. This method lets the surgeon move in a more comfortable way, as well.

Robotic surgery can take longer to perform. This is due to the amount of time needed to set up the robot. Also, many hospitals may not have access to this method.

Robotic surgery may be used for a number of different procedures, including:

Robotic surgery cannot be used for some complex procedures.

The risks for any anesthesia and surgery include:

Robotic surgery has as many risks as open and laparoscopic surgery. However, the risks are different.

You cannot have any food or fluid for 8 hours before the surgery.

You may need to cleanse your bowels with an enema or laxative the day before surgery for some types of procedures.

Stop taking aspirin, blood thinners such as warfarin (Coumadin) or Plavix, anti-inflammatory medicines, vitamins, or other supplements 10 days before the procedure.

You will be taken to a recovery room after the procedure. Depending on the type of surgery performed, you may have to stay in the hospital overnight or for a couple of days.

You should be able to walk within a day after the procedure. How soon you are active will depend on the surgery that was done.

Avoid heavy lifting or straining until your doctor gives you the OK. Your doctor may tell you not to drive for at least a week.

Surgical cuts are smaller than with traditional open surgery. Benefits include:

Eichel L, McDougall EM, Clayman RV. Fundamentals of laparoscopic and robotic urologic surgery. In: Wein AJ, ed. Campbell-Walsh Urology. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap 9.

Fried GM. Emerging technology in surgery: Informatics, electronics, robotics. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 19th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2012:chap 17.

Hu JC, Gu X, Lipsitz SR, Barry MJ, D'Amico AV, Weinberg AC, et al. Comparative effectiveness of minimally invasive vs. open radical prostatectomy. JAMA. 2009;302(14):1557-64. PMID: 19826025

Oleynikov D. Robotic surgery. Surg Clin N Am. 2008;88:1121-30. PMID: 18790158

Review Date: 6/29/2015 Reviewed By: Jennifer Sobol, DO, Urologist with the Michigan Institute of Urology, West Bloomfield, MI. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, also known as the American Accreditation HealthCare Commission ( URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among the first to achieve this important distinction for online health information and services. Learn more about A.D.A.M.'s editorial policy, editorial process and privacy policy. A.D.A.M. is also a founding member of Hi-Ethics and subscribes to the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

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Robotic Surgery | Trident Health System | Charleston, SC

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A Leader in Robotic Surgery

In 2012, the South Carolina Institute for Robotic Surgery performed more surgeries than any other health system or hospital in the state of South Carolina. The SC Institute for Robotic Surgery is equipped with three da Vinci Surgical Systems, two at Trident Medical Center and one at Summerville Medical Center.

By integrating computer-enhanced technology with the surgeons skill, the da Vinci Surgical System enables surgeons to perform precise, minimally invasive surgery in a manner never before experienced to enhance healing and promote well-being.

Our physicians and advanced surgical team are experienced to provide safe, efficient surgery, allowing you to resume normal activities faster. Using the da Vinci Surgical System, the surgeon operates while seated at a console viewing a 3D image of the surgical field.

The da Vinci Surgical System helps improve clinical outcomes and redefine standards of care. Patients may experience the following benefits:

The South Carolina Institute of Robotic Surgery is the only provider in the area equipped with the state-of the-art da Vinci Si HD Surgical System. This Advanced 3D HD visualization provides the surgeon with up to 10x magnification and an immersive view of the operative field.

The surgeons fingers grasp the master controls below the display, with hands and wrists naturally positioned. The system seamlessly translates the surgeons hand, wrist and finger movements into precise, real-time movements of surgical instruments.

Many surgical procedures performed today using standard laparoscopic techniques may be performed quicker and easier using the da Vinci Surgical System. The da Vinci delivers increased clinical capability while maintaining the same look and feel of open surgery.

The South Carolina Institute of Robotic Surgery offers da Vinci Robotic Surgery to patients for a wide range of procedures.

Robotic surgeons (left to right): Ward Katsanis, MD | Christine Case, MD | William Reeves, MD | Ronnie Givens, MD | Theodore Brisson, MD | James Martin, MD | James Benner, MD | Christine Hunter, MD | Marshall Wingo, MD | Christopher Accetta, MD (not pictured: Jennifer Heinemann, MD | Paula Orr, MD | Heather Schwartzberg, MD | Molly Senokozlieff, MD)

To schedule an appointment with one of our robotic surgeons, please call:

Our patients have access to an experienced team of physicians, nurses, clinicians and rehabilitation specialists.

Find a Doctor

Learn more about single site surgery.

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Robotic General Surgery – Albany Medical Center

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Surgery is generally the most effective treatment option fora wide range ofconditions. Yet, traditional open surgery usually requires a large incision and has many drawbacks. Fortunately, Albany Medical Center offers robotic assisted, minimally invasive general surgical procedures that eliminate the need for traditional open surgery and provide numerous benefits to patients with various types of conditions.

Robotic Procedures

Robotic Assisted Gastric Bypass Surgery Weight loss surgery (also known as bariatric surgery) is one of the most effective treatments for obesity through a procedure known as gastric bypass. Gastric bypass surgery resizes the stomach limiting the food intake and calorie absorption which results in weight loss. Gastric bypass surgery can be performed open or laparoscopically, however, some patients are candidates for robotic gastric bypass surgery using the da Vinci robot.

Robotic Asisted Cholecystectomy Robotic assisted cholecystectomy is the surgicalremoval of the gallbladder.For patients with a diseased gallbladder or whose symptoms cannot be controlled through medications, it may be recommended to have the gallbladder surgically removed. Through a single incision in the patient's naval using the da Vinci robot, the single port robotic assisted cholecystectomy can be performed.

Robotic Assisted Hernia Repair A hernia occurs when part of the internal organ bulges through a weak area of muscle. Hernias are often found in the abdomen or groin. Hernias can be repaired by traditional open or laparoscopic surgery. For appropriate patients, the da Vinci robot may also be used to surgically repair the hernia.

Click here for a list of our robotic general surgeons.

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Robotic Surgery – Northwestern Medicine – Home

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The Division of Gynecologic Oncology at Northwestern Medicine/Prentice Womens Hospital is dedicated to offering less invasive alternatives to traditional procedures for women diagnosed with gynecologic cancers.

Since the introduction of robotic surgery, the Gynecologic Oncology Robotic Surgery Program has evolved into one of the nations premier robotic surgery programs for gynecologic cancers. Since its inception in 2007, over 500 women have undergone robotic surgery for a variety of gynecologic cancers and premalignant conditions including uterine, ovarian, and cervical cancers.

Some of the procedures performed to date include robotic hysterectomy and staging for uterine cancer, radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer, and various procedures for ovarian cancer. The program is currently under the directorship of Nikki Neubauer, MD.

All four practitioners in the division perform robotic surgery and the expansion of robotics within the division has resulted in more rapid implementation of this technology to treat women with various gynecologic cancers.

As national leaders in the treatment of women with gynecologic cancers, the integration of robotic surgery provides women with cutting edge, state of the art treatment options. In addition to providing clinical expertise, the robotic surgery program at Northwestern Memorial/Prentice Womens Hospital is a national leader in research and education for robotic surgery.

Numerous peer-reviewed publications on robotic surgical outcomes and fellow/resident education have been published based upon data gathered from our program and we currently have several manuscripts being submitted for publication as well.

What is Robotic Surgery?

These technological advances lead to clinical benefits of robotics over conventional laparoscopic surgery such as less blood loss, shorter hospital stay, less pain and quicker recovery, and fewer operative complications. The da Vinci surgical system has applications in many surgical specialties (urology, general surgery, cardiovascular surgery and gynecologic surgery) and was FDA approved for gynecologic oncology in 2005.

Benefits of Robotic Surgery:

Phone: 312-695-0990 Fax: 312-472-4706

Office Hours

Monday:8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Tuesday:8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Wednesday:8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Thursday:8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Friday:8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturday: Closed Sunday:Closed

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Robotic Surgery – Greenville Health System

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Greenville Health System is at the forefront of robotic surgery. Robotic surgery is a ground breaking alternative to conventional open surgery and traditional laparoscopy.

Today, complex conditions ranging from prostate cancer to uterine prolapse, fibroids and even heart disease can be treated minimally invasively with da Vinci Surgery. This approach uses a robotic surgical system that provides the Greenville Health System Robotics Program surgeons better vision, more precision and control. It requires only a few small incisions, so you can get back to your life faster without the usual recovery following major surgery.

Thomas Wheeler, MD Hema D. Brazell, MD

For more information or to schedule a gynecology appointment, call 864-455-1600. Click here for more information about daVinci Surgery for women.

J. Erik Busby, MD Charles G. Marguet, MD Patrick Springhart, MD

For more information or to schedule an appointment, call 864-797-7450 Click for more information about daVinci Surgery for prostate cancer.

Arrhythmia Consultants offers patients the latest in robotic treatment of arrhythmia using theSensei Robotic Catheter System. A very specialized tool used for catheter based mapping within the chambers of a patients heart, the Sensei System allows for more precise and stable catheter manipulation during complex cardiac procedures. Arrhythmia Consultants and Greenville Hospital System were the first facility in South Carolina to offer this technology and have more experience than any other practice in the state.

This unique, state of the art technology is powered by a highly accurate, robotically controlled arm that allows for catheter navigation, stability and positioning within the chamber of the heart.

Donald S. Rubenstein, MD, PhD, FACC Lawrence T. Weston, MD, FACC

For more information or to schedule an appointment with Arrhythmia Consultants, call 864-672-2342 or visit

William D. Bolton, MD James E. Stephensen, MD

A robotic assisted lobectomy (removal of the section of the lung containing the tumor) allows for improved access inside the chest cavity and lungs. Because surgery is performed through a few tiny incisions, spreading your ribs to access the lung is avoided. Robotic assisted surgery is minimally invasive, unlike thoracotomy. Thoracotomy is the traditional way to access the chest cavity; it requires a long incision between the ribs, and often a long and painful recovery.

A robotic assisted lobectomy offers lung cancer patients the benefits of surgery, but with a minimally invasive approach.

For more information, call (864) 455-1200.

Zachary George, MD Jesse Jorgensen, MD Chethan Patel, MD

A vascular robotic assisted system that offers interventional cardiologists in the cath lab unparalleled control of guide wires and balloon and stent catheters while performing interventional procedures. This system is the only robotic-assisted PCI system cleared by the FDA. GHS interventional cardiologist, Dr. Zachary George performed the first robotic assisted PCI in the state of SC in December, 2013. The CorPath system offers many advantages for patients and physicians.

For more information, contact Carolina Cardiology Consultants at (864) 455-6900.

Lets face it, when it comes to your health or the health of a loved one, knowledge and information is power. Thats why its important to consult your physician if you notice a change in your health including an irregular heart beat that may be concerning you.

At Greenville Health System, we are committed to offering the latest in advanced cardiac technology. Recently, we added the Sensei X Robotic-Assisted Cardiac Navigation System that helps reduce your exposure to radiation along with the amount of time required for your procedure. The Sensei X System provides catheter accuracy and control during the procedure and can help give your physician access to your heart that may have been previously difficult-to-reach.

For you and your family, it can help add up to more peace of mind. If youd like to learn more about cardiac mapping and about how the Sensei X Robotic-Assisted Cardiac Navigation System may help you, please contact Dr. Donald Rubenstein with Arrhythmia Consultants at 864-672-2342.

When medication and non-invasive procedures are unable to relieve symptoms, surgery remains the accepted and most effective treatment for a range of gynecologic conditions. These include, but are not limited to, cervical and uterine cancer, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, uterine prolapse and menorrhagia or excessive bleeding.

Traditional open gynecologic surgery, using a large incision for access to the uterus and surrounding anatomy, has for many years been the standard approach to many gynecologic procedures. Yet with open surgery can come significant pain, trauma, a long recovery process and threat to surrounding organs and nerves. For women facing gynecologic surgery, the period of pain, discomfort and extended time away from normal daily activities that usually follows traditional surgery can understandably cause significant anxiety.

Fortunately, less invasive options are available. Some gynecologic procedures enable surgeons to access the target anatomy using a vaginal approach, which may not require an external incision. But for complex hysterectomies and other gynecologic procedures, robot-assisted surgery with the da Vinci Surgical System may be the most effective, least invasive treatment option. Through tiny, 1-2 cm incisions, surgeons using the da Vinci System can operate with greater precision and control, minimizing the pain and risk associated with large incisions while increasing the likelihood of a fast recovery and excellent clinical outcomes.

Greenville Health System is equipped and staffed to perform a wide variety of gynecological procedures including:

Using minimally invasive techniques with the assistance of the superior dexterity and viewing capabilities of the da Vinci surgical system, surgeons perform complex procedures through 1-2 cm incisions offering many advantages over traditional surgery. For the clinically appropriate patient, da Vinci gynecological procedures offer a number of potential benefits, including:

GHS Urology Surgeons are delivering the #1 choice for treatment of localized prostate cancer in the United States, the da Vinci Prostatectomy. GHSs da Vinci Prostatectomy, a minimally invasive, robotic-assisted surgical procedure removes the cancerous prostate gland and related structures.

Minimally Invasive Surgery: The da Vinci System enables GHS surgeons to perform even the most complex and delicate procedures through very small incisions with unmatched precision.

Additional patient benefits may include:

For more information on GHSs robotic prostate surgery, click here, or contact Dr. Patrick Springhart at 864-295-1369.

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Da Vinci Robotic Surgery – Alternative Surgery | Renown

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FastTrack ER

People-in-Line is the number of patients checked-in and waiting for a physician at a Renown Health ER or FastTrack ER. We refer to this as our "door-to-doc" time. The number of people in line is updated every 10 minutes.

FastTrack ER

An ER nurse will determine the urgency and complexity of the care you need. If your condition is less severe and requires no more than one hospital resource (X-Ray, lab tests, etc.) the ER nurse may assign you to a FastTrack ER where you will receive care sooner.

Urgent Care

People-in-Line is the number of patients checked-in at Renown Health Urgent Care waiting to be seen by a healthcare provider. A patient's wait time may vary.

Urgent Care vs Emergency Care

There may be times when you want to see a healthcare provider right away but don't have serious or life-threatening condition.

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Robotic Surgery | Largo Medical Center | Largo, FL

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If you or a loved one is preparing to undergo surgery, you owe it to yourself to learn about all of your medical options including traditional, laparoscopic or robotic surgery. Largo Medical Center is proud to offer one of the most effective, least invasive surgical treatments available. The hopsital utilizes a state-of-the-art robotic surgical system, which provides surgeons with an alternative to both traditional open surgery and conventional laparoscopy, putting a surgeon's hands at the controls of a state-of-the-art robotic platform

This minimally invasive surgical procedure uses high-definition 3D vision, a magnified view and advanced robotic technologies to assist your surgeon to control the robotic surgery system. This procedure translates his or her hand movements into smaller, more precise movements of tiny instruments inside the body. With a state-of-the-art robotic surgical system, our surgeons are able to perform some of the most complex and delicate procedures through very small incisions.

Robotic-assisted surgery is like other minimally invasive surgery, in that instruments and cameras are inserted through small incisions. What is different is that the surgeon sits at a console next to the patient.

Remember surgery is performed 100 percent by our talented surgeons who use the state-of-the-art robotic surgical system.

The surgeon looks into a viewfinder at the three-dimensional, high-quality image sent back by the cameras and works the surgical arms.

The quality of the images and precise movement of the surgical arms essentially puts the surgeon right next to the area in which he or she is operating.

Largo Medical Center utilizes Robotic Surgery in the treatment of the following areas:

There are many potential benefits for patient when comparing the robotic surgical system to traditional, including:

The Robotic Surgical System is an improvement over conventional laparoscopy, in which the surgeon operates while standing and uses hand-held, long-shafted instruments that cannot bend or rotate. With conventional laparoscopy, the surgeon must look up and away from the instruments to a nearby video monitor to see an image of the target anatomy.

The System also extends our surgeons capabilities to provide these significant benefits:

For more information call (888) 741-5115

Largo Medical Center 201 14th St SW Largo, FL 33770 Maps & Directions

Your time is valuable, so we made accessing your health care information simple and fast.

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Impact of nanotechnology – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The of nanotechnology' extends from its medical, ethical, mental, legal and environmental applications, to fields such as engineering, biology, chemistry, computing, materials science, and communications.

Major benefits of nanotechnology include improved manufacturing methods, water purification systems, energy systems, physical enhancement, nanomedicine, better food production methods, nutrition and large-scale infrastructure auto-fabrication.[vague] Nanotechnology's reduced size may allow for automation of tasks which were previously inaccessible due to physical restrictions, which in turn may reduce labor, land, or maintenance requirements placed on humans.

Potential risks include environmental, health, and safety issues; transitional effects such as displacement of traditional industries as the products of nanotechnology become dominant, which are of concern to privacy rights advocates. These may be particularly important if potential negative effects of nanoparticles are overlooked.

Whether nanotechnology merits special government regulation is a controversial issue. Regulatory bodies such as the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the Health & Consumer Protection Directorate of the European Commission have started dealing with the potential risks of nanoparticles. The organic food sector has been the first to act with the regulated exclusion of engineered nanoparticles from certified organic produce, firstly in Australia and the UK,[1] and more recently in Canada, as well as for all food certified to Demeter International standards[2]

Potential risks of nanotechnology can broadly be grouped into four areas:

The presence of nanomaterials (materials that contain nanoparticles) is not in itself a threat. It is only certain aspects that can make them risky, in particular their mobility and their increased reactivity. Only if certain properties of certain nanoparticles were harmful to living beings or the environment would we be faced with a genuine hazard. In this case it can be called nanopollution.

In addressing the health and environmental impact of nanomaterials we need to differentiate between two types of nanostructures: (1) Nanocomposites, nanostructured surfaces and nanocomponents (electronic, optical, sensors etc.), where nanoscale particles are incorporated into a substance, material or device (fixed nano-particles); and (2) free nanoparticles, where at some stage in production or use individual nanoparticles of a substance are present. These free nanoparticles could be nanoscale species of elements, or simple compounds, but also complex compounds where for instance a nanoparticle of a particular element is coated with another substance (coated nanoparticle or core-shell nanoparticle).

There seems to be consensus that, although one should be aware of materials containing fixed nanoparticles, the immediate concern is with free nanoparticles.

Nanoparticles are very different from their everyday counterparts, so their adverse effects cannot be derived from the known toxicity of the macro-sized material. This poses significant issues for addressing the health and environmental impact of free nanoparticles.

To complicate things further, in talking about nanoparticles it is important that a powder or liquid containing nanoparticles almost never be monodisperse [1], but contain instead a range of particle sizes. This complicates the experimental analysis as larger nanoparticles might have different properties from smaller ones. Also, nanoparticles show a tendency to aggregate, and such aggregates often behave differently from individual nanoparticles.

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health has conducted initial research on how nanoparticles interact with the bodys systems and how workers might be exposed to nano-sized particles in the manufacturing or industrial use of nanomaterials. NIOSH currently offers interim guidelines for working with nanomaterials consistent with the best scientific knowledge.[3] At The National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory of NIOSH, studies investigating the filter penetration of nanoparticles on NIOSH-certified and EU marked respirators, as well as non-certified dust masks have been conducted.[4] These studies found that the most penetrating particle size range was between 30 and 100 nanometers, and leak size was the largest factor in the number of nanoparticles found inside the respirators of the test dummies.[5][6]

In "The Consumer Product Safety Commission and Nanotechnology,"[7] E. Marla Felcher suggests that the Consumer Product Safety Commission, which is charged with protecting the public against unreasonable risks of injury or death associated with consumer products, is ill-equipped to oversee the safety of complex, high-tech products made using nanotechnology.

Longer-term concerns center on the impact that new technologies will have for society at large, and whether these could possibly lead to either a post-scarcity economy, or alternatively exacerbate the wealth gap between developed and developing nations. The effects of nanotechnology on the society as a whole, on human health and the environment, on trade, on security, on food systems and even on the definition of "human", have not been characterized or politicized.

The health impact of nanotechnology are the possible effects that the use of nanotechnological materials and devices will have on human health. As nanotechnology is an emerging field, there is great debate regarding to what extent nanotechnology will benefit or pose risks for human health. Nanotechnology's health impact can be split into two aspects: the potential for nanotechnological innovations to have medical applications to cure disease, and the potential health hazards posed by exposure to nanomaterials.

Nanotoxicology is the field which studies potential health risks of nanomaterials. The extremely small size of nanomaterials means that they are much more readily taken up by the human body than larger sized particles. How these nanoparticles behave inside the organism is one of the significant issues that needs to be resolved. The behavior of nanoparticles is a function of their size, shape and surface reactivity with the surrounding tissue. Apart from what happens if non-degradable or slowly degradable nanoparticles accumulate in organs, another concern is their potential interaction with biological processes inside the body: because of their large surface, nanoparticles on exposure to tissue and fluids will immediately adsorb onto their surface some of the macromolecules they encounter. The large number of variables influencing toxicity means that it is difficult to generalise about health risks associated with exposure to nanomaterials each new nanomaterial must be assessed individually and all material properties must be taken into account. Health and environmental issues combine in the workplace of companies engaged in producing or using nanomaterials and in the laboratories engaged in nanoscience and nanotechnology research. It is safe to say that current workplace exposure standards for dusts cannot be applied directly to nanoparticle dusts.

Nanomedicine is the medical application of nanotechnology.[8] The approaches to nanomedicine range from the medical use of nanomaterials, to nanoelectronic biosensors, and even possible future applications of molecular nanotechnology. Nanomedicine seeks to deliver a valuable set of research tools and clinically helpful devices in the near future.[9][10] The National Nanotechnology Initiative expects new commercial applications in the pharmaceutical industry that may include advanced drug delivery systems, new therapies, and in vivo imaging.[11] Neuro-electronic interfaces and other nanoelectronics-based sensors are another active goal of research. Further down the line, the speculative field of molecular nanotechnology believes that cell repair machines could revolutionize medicine and the medical field.

Nanopollution is a generic name for all waste generated by nanodevices or during the nanomaterials manufacturing process. Nanowaste is mainly the group of particles that are released into the environment, or the particles that are thrown away when still on their products. The thrown away nanoparticles are usually still functioning how they are supposed to (still have their individual properties), they are just not being properly used anymore. Most of the time, they are lost due to contact with different environments. Silver nanoparticles, for example, they are used a lot in clothes to control odor, those particles are lost when washing them.[12] The fact that they are still functioning and are so small is what makes nanowaste a concern. It can float in the air and might easily penetrate animal and plant cells causing unknown effects. Due to its small size, nanoparticles can have different properties than their own material when on a bigger size, and they are also functioning more efficiently because of its greater surface area. Most human-made nanoparticles do not appear in nature, so living organisms may not have appropriate means to deal with nanowaste.

To properly assess the health hazards of engineered nanoparticles the whole life cycle of these particles needs to be evaluated, including their fabrication, storage and distribution, application and potential abuse, and disposal. The impact on humans or the environment may vary at different stages of the life cycle. One already known consequences to metals exposure is shown by silver, if exposed to humans in a certain concentration, it can cause illnesses such as argyria and argyrosis.[13]Silver can also cause some environmental problems. Due to its antimicrobial properties (antibacterial), when encountered in the soil it can kill beneficial bacteria that are important to keep the soil healthy.[14] Environmental assessment is justified as nanoparticles present novel environmental impacts. Scrinis raises concerns[15] about nano-pollution, and argues that it is not currently possible to precisely predict or control the ecological impacts of the release of these nano-products into the environment.

Metals, in particular, have a really strong bonds. Their properties follow up to the nanoscale as well. Metals can stay and damage the environment for a long time, since they hardly degrade or get destroyed.[16] With the increase in use of nanotechnology, it is predicted that the nanowaste of metals will keep increasing, and until a solution is found for that problem, that waste will keep accumulating in the environment. On the other hand, some possible future applications of nanotechnology have the potential to benefit the environment. Nanofiltration, based on the use of membranes with extremely small pores smaller than 10nm (perhaps composed of nanotubes) are suitable for a mechanical filtration for the removal of ions or the separation of different fluids. A couple of studies have found a solution to filtrate and extract those nanoparticles from water.[17] The process is still being studied but simulations have been giving a total of about 90% to 99% removal of nanowaste particles from the water at an upgraded waste water treatment plant. Once the particles are separated from the water, they go to the landfill with the rest of the solids.[18] Furthermore, magnetic nanoparticles offer an effective and reliable method to remove heavy metal contaminants from waste water. Using nanoscale particles increases the efficiency to absorb the contaminants and is comparatively inexpensive compared to traditional precipitation and filtration methods. One current method to recover nanoparticles is the Cloud Point Extraction. With this technique, gold nanoparticles and some other types of particles that are heat conductors are able to be extracted from aqueous solutions. The process consists of a heating section of the solution that contains the nanoparticles, and then centrifuged in order to separate the layers and then separate the nanoparticles.[19]

Furthermore, nanotechnology could potentially have a great impact on clean energy production. Research is underway to use nanomaterials for purposes including more efficient solar cells, practical fuel cells, and environmentally friendly batteries.

Significant debate exists relating to the question of whether nanotechnology or nanotechnology-based products merit special government regulation. This debate is related to the circumstances in which it is necessary and appropriate to assess new substances prior to their release into the market, community and environment.

Regulatory bodies such as the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the Food and Drug Administration in the U.S. or the Health & Consumer Protection Directorate of the European Commission have started dealing with the potential risks posed by nanoparticles. So far, neither engineered nanoparticles nor the products and materials that contain them are subject to any special regulation regarding production, handling or labelling. The Material Safety Data Sheet that must be issued for some materials often does not differentiate between bulk and nanoscale size of the material in question and even when it does these MSDS are advisory only.

Limited nanotechnology labeling and regulation may exacerbate potential human and environmental health and safety issues associated with nanotechnology.[20] It has been argued that the development of comprehensive regulation of nanotechnology will be vital to ensure that the potential risks associated with the research and commercial application of nanotechnology do not overshadow its potential benefits.[21] Regulation may also be required to meet community expectations about responsible development of nanotechnology, as well as ensuring that public interests are included in shaping the development of nanotechnology.[22]

Beyond the toxicity risks to human health and the environment which are associated with first-generation nanomaterials, nanotechnology has broader societal impact and poses broader social challenges. Social scientists have suggested that nanotechnology's social issues should be understood and assessed not simply as "downstream" risks or impacts. Rather, the challenges should be factored into "upstream" research and decision-making in order to ensure technology development that meets social objectives[23]

Many social scientists and organizations in civil society suggest that technology assessment and governance should also involve public participation[24][25][26][27]

The last few years has seen a gold rush to claim patents at the nanoscale. Over 800 nano-related patents were granted in 2003, and the numbers are increasing year to year. Corporations are already taking out broad-ranging patents on nanoscale discoveries and inventions. For example, two corporations, NEC and IBM, hold the basic patents on carbon nanotubes, one of the current cornerstones of nanotechnology. Carbon nanotubes have a wide range of uses, and look set to become crucial to several industries from electronics and computers, to strengthened materials to drug delivery and diagnostics. Carbon nanotubes are poised to become a major traded commodity with the potential to replace major conventional raw materials. However, as their use expands, anyone seeking to (legally) manufacture or sell carbon nanotubes, no matter what the application, must first buy a license from NEC or IBM. [2] [3]

Nanotechnologies may provide new solutions for the millions of people in developing countries who lack access to basic services, such as safe water, reliable energy, health care, and education. The United Nations has set Millennium Development Goals for meeting these needs. The 2004 UN Task Force on Science, Technology and Innovation noted that some of the advantages of nanotechnology include production using little labor, land, or maintenance, high productivity, low cost, and modest requirements for materials and energy.

Potential opportunities of nanotechnologies to help address critical international development priorities include improved water purification systems, energy systems, medicine and pharmaceuticals, food production and nutrition, and information and communications technologies. Nanotechnologies are already incorporated in products that are on the market. Other nanotechnologies are still in the research phase, while others are concepts that are years or decades away from development.

Protection of the environment, human health and worker safety in developing countries often suffers from a combination of factors that can include but are not limited to lack of robust environmental, human health, and worker safety regulations; poorly or unenforced regulation which is linked to a lack of physical (e.g., equipment) and human capacity (i.e., properly trained regulatory staff). Often, these nations require assistance, particularly financial assistance, to develop the scientific and institutional capacity to adequately assess and manage risks, including the necessary infrastructure such as laboratories and technology for detection.

However, concerns are frequently raised that the claimed benefits of nanotechnology will not be evenly distributed, and that any benefits (including technical and/or economic) associated with nanotechnology will only reach affluent nations.[28] The majority of nanotechnology research and development - and patents for nanomaterials and products - is concentrated in developed countries (including the United States, Japan, Germany, Canada and France). In addition, most patents related to nanotechnology are concentrated amongst few multinational corporations, including IBM, Micron Technologies, Advanced Micro Devices and Intel.[29] This has led to fears that it will be unlikely that developing countries will have access to the infrastructure, funding and human resources required to support nanotechnology research and development, and that this is likely to exacerbate such inequalities.

Producers in developing countries could also be disadvantaged by the replacement of natural products (including rubber, cotton, coffee and tea) by developments in nanotechnology. These natural products are important export crops for developing countries, and many farmers' livelihoods depend on them. It has been argued that their substitution with industrial nano-products could negatively affect the economies of developing countries, that have traditionally relied on these export crops.[28]

Ray Kurzweil has speculated in The Singularity is Near that people who work in unskilled labor jobs for a livelihood may become the first human workers to be displaced by the constant use of nanotechnology in the workplace, noting that layoffs often affect the jobs based around the lowest technology level before attacking jobs with the highest technology level possible.[30] It has been noted that every major economic era has stimulated a global revolution both in the kinds of jobs that are available to people and the kind of training they need to achieve these jobs, and there is concern that the world's educational systems have lagged behind in preparing students for the "Nanotech Age".[31]

It has also been speculated that nanotechnology may give rise to nanofactories which may have superior capabilities to conventional factories due to their small carbon and physical footprint on the global and regional environment. The miniaturization and transformation of the multi-acre conventional factory into the nanofactory may not interfere with their ability to deliver a high quality product; the product may be of even greater quality due to the lack of human errors in the production stages. Nanofactory systems may use precise atomic precisioning and contribute to making superior quality products that the "bulk chemistry" method used in 20th century and early 21st currently cannot produce. These advances might shift the computerized workforce in an even more complex direction, requiring skills in genetics, nanotechnology, and robotics.[32][33]

Molecular manufacturing is a potential future subfield of nanotechnology that would make it possible to build complex structures at atomic precision.[34] Molecular manufacturing requires significant advances in nanotechnology, but once achieved could produce highly advanced products at low costs and in large quantities in nanofactories weighing a kilogram or more.[34][35] When nanofactories gain the ability to produce other nanofactories production may only be limited by relatively abundant factors such as input materials, energy and software.[35]

The products of molecular manufacturing could range from cheaper, mass-produced versions of known high-tech products to novel products with added capabilities in many areas of application. Some applications that have been suggested are advanced smart materials, nanosensors, medical nanorobots and space travel.[34] Additionally, molecular manufacturing could be used to cheaply produce highly advanced, durable weapons, which is an area of special concern regarding the impact of nanotechnology.[35] Being equipped with compact computers and motors these could be increasingly autonomous and have a large range of capabilities.[35]

According to Chris Phoenix and Mike Treder from the Center for Responsible Nanotechnology as well as Anders Sandberg from the Future of Humanity Institute molecular manufacturing is the application of nanotechnology that poses the most significant global catastrophic risk.[35][36] Several nanotechnology researchers state that the bulk of risk from nanotechnology comes from the potential to lead to war, arms races and destructive global government.[35][36][37] Several reasons have been suggested why the availability of nanotech weaponry may with significant likelihood lead to unstable arms races (compared to e.g. nuclear arms races): (1) A large number of players may be tempted to enter the race since the threshold for doing so is low;[35] (2) the ability to make weapons with molecular manufacturing will be cheap and easy to hide;[35] (3) therefore lack of insight into the other parties' capabilities can tempt players to arm out of caution or to launch preemptive strikes;[35][38] (4) molecular manufacturing may reduce dependency on international trade,[35] a potential peace-promoting factor;[39] (5) wars of aggression may pose a smaller economic threat to the aggressor since manufacturing is cheap and humans may not be needed on the battlefield.[35]

Since self-regulation by all state and non-state actors seems hard to achieve,[40] measures to mitigate war-related risks have mainly been proposed in the area of international cooperation.[35][41] International infrastructure may be expanded giving more sovereignty to the international level. This could help coordinate efforts for arms control.[42] International institutions dedicated specifically to nanotechnology (perhaps analogously to the International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA) or general arms control may also be designed.[41] One may also jointly make differential technological progress on defensive technologies, a policy that players should usually favour.[35] The Center for Responsible Nanotechnology also suggest some technical restrictions.[43] Improved transparency regarding technological capabilities may be another important facilitator for arms-control.[44]

A grey goo is another catastrophic scenario, which was proposed by Eric Drexler in his 1986 book Engines of Creation,[45] has been analyzed by Freitas in "Some Limits to Global Ecophagy by Biovorous Nanoreplicators, with Public Policy Recommendations" [4] and has been a theme in mainstream media and fiction.[46][47] This scenario involves tiny self-replicating robots that consume the entire biosphere using it as a source of energy and building blocks. Nanotech experts including Drexler now discredit the scenario. According to Chris Phoenix a "So-called grey goo could only be the product of a deliberate and difficult engineering process, not an accident".[48] With the advent of nano-biotech, a different scenario called green goo has been forwarded. Here, the malignant substance is not nanobots but rather self-replicating biological organisms engineered through nanotechnology.

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Nanotechnology – Foresight Institute

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Atomic Precision for Medical Applications

Atomic Precision for Medical Applications Workshop Video from Foresight Institute on Vimeo.

Workshop White Paper

More on Foresight Institute's 2015 Workshop on Atomic Precision for Medical Applications

Atomically Precise Materials for Energy from Foresight Institute on Vimeo.

Workshop White Paper

More on Foresight Institute's 2014 Workshop on Directed/Programmable Matter for Energy

With contributions like yours, Foresight will be able to advance beneficial nanotechnology through our publications, prizes, and conferences. We will continue to be a growing force enabling businesses, scientists, technologists, policy makers, investors, and individuals to be informed about how nanotechnology can contribute to a better future.

Thanks to a generous $40,000 Challenge Grant, every contribution you make to Foresight is matched dollar-for-dollar to that amount. Donations and memberships sent by December 31 qualify as 2015 tax deductions. For extra tax savings, donate appreciated stock.

Read more and donate

Foresight Institute is a leading think tank and public interest organization focused on transformative future technologies. Founded in 1986, its mission is to discover and promote the upsides, and help avoid the dangers, of nanotechnology, AI, biotech, and similar life-changing developments.

Foresight is the primary force pushing for the kind of nanotechnology that will truly transform our future, from medicine to the environment to space settlement. We bring that vision and goal to new audiences, including inspiring young researchers.

Foresight's mission is to:

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Robotic Surgery | Coliseum Health System | Macon, GA

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Medical technology always changing, nd t Coliseum Medical Centers, were dedicated to offering patients th best treatments available. One of th includes robotic surgery, whr a skilled surgeon guides a robot through a surgical procedure. Th robot doesnt perform th surgery on t own rthr, th surgeon uses th robot a surgical tool. Surgeons gt highly specialized training n conducting robotic surgeries.

Mot robotic procedures mlo much smaller incisions thn th ones md during a traditional procedure. Th smaller incisions hv multiple benefits for th patient:

Although not ll procedures n b done robotically, Coliseum Medical Centers h a team of surgeons who n perform gynecologic, urologic, nd colorectal surgery using th da Vinci robot.

If youre looking for information about how your condition can be treated in a way that is less invasive, click on the tabs to find more about how The Robotics Center can help you. Or call our Consult-A-Nurse program for more information at (478) 746-4646.

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Robotic Surgery | Coliseum Health System | Macon, GA

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Robotic Surgery – FirstHealth

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The robotic surgical system gives surgeons an alternative to traditional open surgery and conventional laparoscopy by putting a surgeons hands at the controls of a state-of-the-art robotic system that gives them unmatched precision, even in the most complex and delicate procedures.

The system cannot be programmed or make decisions on its own. Every surgical maneuver is performed with direct input from the surgeon.

Robot-assisted surgery is one of the most effective, least invasive surgical treatments available. With the assistance of the robotic surgical system, surgeons can operate using only 1 or 2 centimeter incisions, while maintaining greater precision and control than ever before.

If your physician recommends surgery as part of treatment, ask if you are a candidate for a minimally invasive approach like robotic surgery.

Benefits of robotic surgery may include:

The following specialties and surgeons perform robot-assisted surgery at FirstHealth:

General surgeons can use robot-assisted surgery to perform the following surgeries:

Pinehurst Surgical

5 FirstVillage Drive.

Pinehurst, NC 28374

(910) 295-0889

John M. Fessenden, M.D.

David Grantham, M.D.

Raymond G. Washington, M.D.

A gynecological oncology surgeon uses robot-assisted surgery for:

FirstHealth Gynecologic Oncology

located in FirstHealth Outpatient Cancer Center

220 Page Road North

Pinehurst, NC 28374

(910) 715-8684

Michael J. Sundborg, M.D.

Gynecological surgeons use the robot-assisted surgery for:

Southern Pines Womens Health Center, a FirstHealth Clinic

145 Applecross Road

Southern Pines, NC 28387

(910) 692-7928

Walter S. Fasolak, D.O.

Pinehurst Surgical

5 FirstVillage Drive

Pinehurst, NC 28374

(910) 295-0290

Shayna S. Jones, M.D.

Lissette Machin, M.D.

Stephen A. Szabo, M.D

Robot-assisted surgery is used by a cardiovascular & thoracic surgeon for:

FirstHealth Cardiovascular & Thoracic Center

located inReid Heart Center

120 Page Road

Pinehurst, NC 28374

(910) 715-4111 or (877) 715-4111

Peter I. Ellman, M.D., FACS

Surgeons perform the following robot-assisted urologic surgeries:

Pinehurst Surgical

5 FirstVillage Drive.

Pinehurst, NC 28374

(910) 215-2528

Robert J. Chamberlain Jr., M.D.

Greg L. Griewe, M.D.

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Robotic Surgery – Excela Health

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The da Vinci Robotic Surgery System

High tech and human health rise to a new level of cooperation in the da Vinci robotic surgery system, a new technique that has been called the most effective, least invasive surgery. Because of the sophistication of the da Vinci system, now even relatively complex operations can be performed through very tiny incisions, so the patient recoversquicker, with less pain, less scarring, and little blood loss. Depending on the specific procedure, many patients go home the very same day. The only da Vinci system in the area outside of Pittsburgh is located at Excela Health.

How the Robotic Surgical System WorksWith da Vinci, the surgeon sees high definition, three-dimensional images from inside the body ten times better than the naked eye. The surgeon controls the da Vinci system, which translates the surgeon's hand movements into smaller, more precise movements of tiny instruments inside the body. These computer-guided instruments allow for more precise control than ever before.And while it is called a "robot", the system cannot act on its own; the surgeon always remains in total control. The da Vinci surgical system is used in procedures that treat a range of conditions:

Benefits of da Vinci Robotic Surgery The da Vinci system has been used successfully throughout the world in thousands of procedures and for a variety of conditions. Because of the magnified field of vision and tiny instruments, among other factors, there are many potential benefits to this type of surgery that include:

Less pain Less blood loss Shorter hospital stay Fewer complications Faster return to normal activities Less scarring Fewer transfusions Less risk of infections

Your surgeon will help you decideyour surgical options, and whether the precision of da Vinci can help with your condition.

This handyflierdescribes the benefits of robotic surgery, your surgical options at Excela Health and our team of Robotic Surgeons.

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Robotic Surgery - Excela Health

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Nanotechnology Companies – By Location

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Home > Directory > Nanotechnology Business Sites - Sorted by Location

Last Updated: Monday, 20-Apr-2015 19:51:36 PDT

Currently there are 534 businesses listed. If you know of another that is not shown, please contact us.


Altimate EnviroCare "... photo-catalyst and ion exchange products capable of destroying microbial, mould, fungi and odour." Singapore

Nanotechnology Businesses sorted by location. In some instances, the business has many locations - in these cases, we have included the corporate headquarters, and occasionally the R&D or fab labs. If you find that we have omitted any business which has products and/or services that qualify as nanoscale, please us. Some businesses are not shown due to their having no location data on their site. We have tried to contact each of them. See No stated location for a list of those.

China| India| Japan| Korea| Malaysia| Singapore

Advanced Battery Technologies "... develops, manufactures and distributes rechargeable polymer lithium-ion (PLI) batteries"

Shenzhen JINGANGYUAN New Material Specializes in R&D, manufacture, and marketing of nanodiamond powder and suspension, and their applications. With an annual output of up to10 million carats.

Shenzhen Nanotech Port Co Research, manufacture, application and sales of carbon nanotubes.

Nano-Infinity Nanotech Co. "... a specialized manufacturer of nano material and related nanotechnology for health beauty product, including healthy deodorant, body guard, beauty care, nano materials & semi-finished goods etc."

Nano Superlattice Technology "... focused on research and development and mass production of nano-scale coating technology."

Asia Pacific Fuel Cell Technologies "... PEM fuel cells with technologies in stack design and manufacture, system integration and metal hydride hydrogen storage."

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Velbionanotech "VBN is dedicated to furthering the art, science and practice of nanotechnology, where Biology, Chemistry, Physics and mechanical design converge Molecular scale."

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Asahi Glass Co. A global materials and components supplier.

Carbon Nanotech Research Institute (CNRI) A subsidiary of Mitsui & Co. Research and development of fullerenes and carbon nanotubes which are applicable to next-generation semiconductor, fuel cells, drug remedies for H.I.V., and industrial mass production technology of these materials. About CNRI

Frontier Carbon Corporation Mitsubishi Corporation and Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation said they will make fullerenes available in quantity beginning in early 2002 under a new joint venture to be known as Frontier Carbon Corporation. Mass production, anticipated to reach 1,500 tons a year by 2004, will permit fullerenes to be bought at prices 10 to 100 times lower than those currently prevailing.

Hitachi High-Technologies "... established on October 1, 2001. The new company combines the global sales force of the high-tech trading company Nissei Sangyo Co., Ltd., with the world-class technological capabilities of the Instruments Group and the Semiconductor Manufacturing Equipment Group of Hitachi, Ltd."

Mitsui & Co., Ltd. Nanotechnology Department XNRI Group "At XNRI, we are focused on developing unique technologies that have been enabled by the fusion of a diverse range of disciplines centering around nanotechnology, technologies that will allow us to direct our efforts into research areas related to the environment, energy and medicine."

Nanoten Nanotechnology Consulting Services, founded by Dr. David Tomanek (of Nanotube fame)

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Advanced Nano Technologies (ANT) Manufactures of a wide range of ultra fine and nanoscale powders.

ILJIN Nanotech CNT producer

Nanogist Applications of nanoscale silver particles. English version coming soon.

NanoMetalGlobal "... manufacturing nano metal powders and nano powder making equipment."

Nanotech Nano-composite powders

Samsung Among others items, makers of nanpowders, and prototype nanotube-based FED (field emission displays).

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Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (IBN) "... established to spearhead the advancement of biomedical sciences in Singapore."

NanoMaterials Technology "... develops and provides technologies for the commercial production of nanosized materials which are applied in industrial markets including the chemical, pharmaceutical, and electronics markets."

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CAP-XX "... develops supercapacitors - high-power, high-energy storage devices that enable manufacturers to make smaller, thinner and longer-running products such as mobile phones, PDAs, medical devices, AMRs, compact flash cards, and more." Locations worldwide

Nanostructural Analysis Network Organisation - Major National Research Facility (NANO-MNRF) "The NANO-MNRF is the peak Australian facility for nanometric analysis of the structure and chemistry of materials in both physical and biological systems."

Nanotechnology Victoria "... a vehicle for optimising benefits to Victoria from advances in nanotechnology and related sciences."

Quantum Precision Instruments "... patented technology forms the foundation for a family of nanoTrek(TM) nanotechnology MEMS and NEMS sensors having applicability in a wide range of industries: from medicine and bio-technology, through to aviation, aerospace, defence, automotive, seismic, mining and others."

Starpharma "The Starpharma Group (Starpharma) was established to commercialise novel polyvalent compound technology discovered at the Biomolecular Research Institute in Melbourne, Australia .... comprises a class of high molecular weight, branch-like chemicals (dendrimers) and other polyvalent compounds with demonstrated activity against a broad range of viruses and other human diseases for which current therapies are inadequate." Teaming with Queensland-based PANBIO and Dr Donald A. Tomalia (the pioneer of dendrimer technology) they have established a new venture to develop products using dendrimer nanotechnology, called Dendritic Nanotechnologies Limited. Research facilities are at The Center for Applied Research and Technology at Central Michigan University, located in Mt. Pleasant, Michigan.

pSivida "... an Australian listed public company that is committed to the biomedical nanotechnology sectors. It has as its core focus the development of nano-structured porous silicon for multiple potential applications in human and animal healthcare through its UK operating subsidiary, pSiMedica Limited."

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Quantiam Technologies "Develops and commercializes advanced materials based on nanotechnology; manufactures powders, catalysts and coatings for the petrochemical, energy and aerospace industries; provides consulting, technical and research services for characterization of nanomaterials and surfaces; extensive collaboration and seed investment in innovation."

Institute for Microstructural Sciences "... to provide leadership, in collaboration with Canadian industry and universities, in the development of the strategic base for information technology."

C Sixty "... a private biopharmaceutical company focusing on the discovery and the development of a new class of therapeutics based on the fullerene molecule..."

Integran Technologies Nanostructured material technologies.

Centre for Large Space Structures and Systems (CLS3 Inc.) "... technologies for large space structures towards the micro devices and systems of the future."

CLS3 Inc., MEMS for Aerospace "... information and details related to research and development of MEMS technologies for aerospace applications in Canada ..."

Nanometrix "... has developed a unique, innovative, patented and effective process (the MG-1 Process) to structure, organize and assemble molecules and atomic-size particules."

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Nanoway "We develop innovative approaches and offer superior solutions for the low temperature community."

Nanopolis Whether you are a researcher, industrialist or educator involved in the emerging field of nanotechnology, Nanopolis multimedia distributed knowledge network and encyclopedia series provides you a straightforward way to understand the Nanotech world and to be understood within.

MagForce Nanotechnologies AG Nanotechnology-based cancer therapy

SusTech Darmstadt "... a center of competence for nanotechnology. Consisting of an international team of currently 30 scientists it develops new materials, systems and products. Its location on the campus of the Technical University of Darmstadt makes it possible for our chemists, physicists, engineers and materials scientists to use the adjacent research facilities efficiently."

nanotype "... will enable next generation evolution in drug development and diagnostics through application of our proprietary C-FIT (Congruent Force Intermolecular Test) technology. C-FIT unites nanotechnology and biology..."

Sd-Chemie Makers of Nanofil - nanocomposite filler product line for polymer applications.

SUSS MicroTec manufacturer and supplier of precision microelectronics equipment for the manufacturing and R&D environments.

Nanogate Technologies GmbH "... concentrating at present on the commercial areas of Surface technology and Ceramic nanotechnology."

Nano-X "... develops and produces new materials from chemical nanotechnology with multi-functional properties."

Elan Drug Delivery "Our mission will continue to be the provision of drug delivery platforms for new moleculesinsoluble compounds, genes, proteins and peptidesthat need to be delivery-engineered right from the discovery stage." Drug Delivery Technology NanoCrystal Technology.

Ntera A broad-based nanotechnology company with current applications in flat panel displays, medical diagnostic sensors and targeted drug delivery.

QuNano AB "... a venture-backed, development-stage nanotechnology company focused on development and commercialization of next generation quantum nanoscale semiconductor materials and devices for the electronics, optoelectronics and sensor markets."

Swiss Center for Electronics and Microtechnology (CSEM - Centre Suisse d'Electronique et de Microtechnique SA) CSEM is mainly active in the areas of microtechnology, microelectronics and information systems.

Plastic Logic "... a leading developer of plastic electronics technology. It develops and exploits new manufacturing processes which combine the power of electronics with the pervasiveness of printing."

JR Nanotech "... a healthcare company which promotes the application of nano-silver. We use nano-silver particles as an antibacterial substance to provide effective and complication free treatment for age old healthcare."

Nanoco Technologies "... develops and manufactures fluorescent nano-crystals from semi-conductor and metallic materials known as quantum dots."

P2i "P2i Ltd's plasma surface enhancement process is a 21st century technology that gives everyday products extraordinary performance levels of oil and water repellency."

Tetronics "... a wide range of technologies for the production and processing of powders in general and for nanopowder production specifically. In addition there are a number of processes involving carbon products, including graphite, carbon black and diamond production."

Q Chip "... a precision particle engineering company with a unique microfluidic technology enabling sophisticated manufacture of micro- and nano-particles for the high value added manufacturing industries of pharmaceutical, food and cosmetics."

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Invest Technologies "Our enterprise takes part in the activity of Russian Committee 'Ultrafine (nano) materials' for production, research of properties and application of UFP. We also cooperate with leading scientific institutes, conducting studies of nanocrystal materials."

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Alabama| Alaska| Arizona| Arkansas| California| Colorado| Connecticut| Delaware| Florida| Georgia| Hawaii| Idaho| Illinois| Indiana| Iowa| Kansas| Kentucky| Louisiana| Maine| Maryland| Massachusetts| Michigan| Minnesota| Mississippi| Missouri| Montana| Nebraska| North Carolina| North Dakota| Nevada| New Hampshire| New Jersey| New Mexico| New York| Ohio| Oklahoma| Oregon| Pennsylvania| Rhode Island| South Carolina| South Dakota| Tennessee| Texas| Utah| Vermont| Virginia| Washington| Washington, D.C.| West Virginia| Wisconsin| Wyoming Some of these links will not work as there are some states with no companies, for now.

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ImaRx Therapeutics "We believe that localized, site-specific, NanoInvasive medicine will provide benefit to patients and society by lowering costs, minimizing pain, and reducing the length of hospital stays and recovery time, while providing improved patient outcomes."

Materials and Electrochemical Research Corporation "Devoted to high-technology materials and electrochemical research with emphasis on advanced composites, powders, coatings and fullerenes ..."

Tailored Materials Corporation (TMC) "... an emerging manufacturer of ultra-pure, carbon Double-Wall Nanotubes (DWNT) for Field Emission Displays and other devices."

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Nanomaterials and Nanofabrication Laboratories (NN-Labs) "... production, processing and applications of semiconductor nanocrystals and dedron ligands."

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JMAR "... develops, manufactures and markets a wide range of precision measurement, process control and laser manufacturing systems to enable its customers to produce smaller, faster, more powerful and less expensive precision microelectronic products. JMAR also provides custom semiconductor products and is a leading developer of advanced lithography sources for the production of higher performance circuits for future electronic systems."

PowerMetal Technologies A provider of electrodeposition and product engineering services for nanometals in the consumer and sporting goods industries.

Tekon "... surface care protection for your glass, metal, stone, granite, plexiglass, vinyl and travertine surfaces."

Colossal Storage Corp. Developing a rewritable volume holographic optical mass data nanophotonic storage device.

Intematix "Intematix methodology for Materials Discovery utilizes the latest in top-down design and rapid prototyping."

NanoGram Devices "... founded in 2002 as a spin-out from NeoPhotonics Corporation, develops novel medical device applications based on its proven and patented laser-based nanomaterials synthesis process. The company's products include patented nanomaterial-based medical power sources that enable dramatically smaller, longer lifetime medical devices with superior performance."

NeoPhotonics "... designs, manufactures and markets planar optical components through the deposition of nanoscale light enhancing materials."

American Elements "... a world leader in commercializing developments in materials science."

Nanostellar "... a Menlo Park-based Nano-Composite Material company that develops highly efficient Platinum Nano-Composite Catalyst solutions."

Rolltronics "... a Silicon Valley technology company, is developing roll-to-roll (R2R) manufacturing processes that will enable the production of electronic devices with dramatically lower costs and improved product features: thin, light, flexible, durable, affordable, faster to prototype and faster to market."

Nanoplex Technologies "... focuses on developing and commercializing products based on novel metal nanoparticles and nanoparticle-based surfaces."

SurroMed "... focused on applying its phenotyping technologies to accelerate the pharmaceutical discovery and development process and enable the precise diagnosis and personalized treatment of disease."


HP Labs - Quantum Science Research

Medical Murray "Medical Murray has extensive experience in the injection molding and development of nanoscaled plastic parts."

Molecular Nanosystems "... engaged in research, development and production of nanotube-oriented products and systems using leading-edge nanotechnologies."

Nanosolar "... focused on bringing to market a new generation of very-low-cost solar electricity cells, which are light-weight, flexible, and easily adjustable in shape. Based on flexible plastics, solution coating, and self-assembling nanostructures, Nanosolar's technology combines advanced nanostructural control with simple production processes to enable efficient very-low-cost solar cells."

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Nanotechnology Companies - By Location

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Nanotechnology – Simple English Wikipedia, the free …

§ May 7th, 2016 § Filed under Nano Medicine Comments Off on Nanotechnology – Simple English Wikipedia, the free …

Nanotechnology is a part of science and technology about the control of matter on the atomic and molecular scale - this means things that are about 100 nanometres or smaller.[1]

Nanotechnology includes making products that use parts this small, such as electronic devices, catalysts, sensors, etc. To give you an idea of how small that is, there are more nanometres in an inch than there are inches in 400 miles.[2]

To give a international idea of how small that is, there are as many nanometres in a centimetre, as there are centimetres in 100 kilometres.

Nanotechnology brings together scientists and engineers from many different subjects, such as applied physics, materials science, interface and colloid science, device physics, chemistry, supramolecular chemistry (which refers to the area of chemistry that focuses on the non-covalent bonding interactions of molecules), self-replicating machines and robotics, chemical engineering, mechanical engineering, biology, biological engineering, and electrical engineering.

Generally, when people talk about nanotechnology, they mean structures of the size 100 nanometers or smaller. There are one million nanometers in a millimeter. Nanotechnology tries to make materials or machines of that size.

People are doing many different types of work in the field of nanotechnology. Most current work looks at making nanoparticles (particles with nanometer size) that have special properties, such as the way they scatter light, absorb X-rays, transport electrical currents or heat, etc. At the more "science fiction" end of the field are attempts to make small copies of bigger machines or really new ideas for structures that make themselves. New materials are possible with nano size structures. It is even possible to work with single atoms.

There has been a lot of discussion about the future of nanotechnology and its dangers. Nanotechnology may be able to invent new materials and instruments which would be very useful, such as in medicine, computers, and making clean electricity (nanotechnology) is helping design the next generation of solar panels, and efficient low-energy lighting). On the other hand, nanotechnology is new and there could be unknown problems. For example if the materials are bad for people's health or for nature. They may have a bad effect on the economy or even big natural systems like the Earth itself. Some groups argue that there should be rules about the use of nanotechnology.

Ideas of nanotechnology were first used in talk "There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom", a talk given by the scientist Richard Feynman at an American Physical Society meeting at Caltech on December 29, 1959. Feynman described a way to move individual atoms to build smaller instruments and operate at that scale. Properties such as surface tension and Van der walls force would become very important.

Feynman's simple idea seemed possible. The word "nanotechnology" was explained by Tokyo Science University Professor Norio Taniguchi in a 1974 paper. He said that nanotechnology was the work of changing materials by one atom or by one molecule. In the 1980s this idea was studied by Dr. K. Eric Drexler, who spoke and wrote about the importance of nano-scale events . "Engines of Creation: The Coming Era of Nanotechnology" (1986) is thought to be the first book on nanotechnology. Nanotechnology and Nano science started with two key developments: the start of cluster science and the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope (STM). Soon afterwards, new molecules with carbon were discovered - first fullerenes in 1986 and carbon nanotubes a few years later. In another development, people studied how to make semiconductor nano crystals. Many metal oxide nanoparticles are now used as quantum dots (nanoparticles where the behaviour of single electrons becomes important). In 2000, the United States National Nanotechnology Initiative began to develop science in this field.

Nanotechnology has nanomaterials which can be classified into one, two and three dimensions nanoparticles. This classification is based upon different properties it holds such as scattering of light, absorbing x rays, transport electric current or heat. Nanotechnology has multidisciplinary character affecting multiple traditional technologies and different scientific disciplines. New materials which can be scaled even at atomic size can be manufactured.

At nano scale physical properties of system or particles substantially change. Physical properties such as quantum size effects where electrons move different for very small sizes of particle. Properties such as mechanical, electrical and optical changes when macroscopic system changes to microscopic one which is of utmost importance.

Nano materials and particles can act as catalyst to increase the reaction rate along with that produce better yield as compared to other catalyst. Some of the most interesting properties when particle gets converted to nano scale are substances which usually stop light become transparent (copper); it becomes possible to burn some materials (aluminum); solids turn into liquids at room temperature (gold); insulators become conductors (silicon). A material such as gold, which does not react with other chemicals at normal scales, can be a powerful chemical catalyst at nanoscales. These special properties which we can only see at the nano scale are one of the most interesting things about nanotechnology.

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Sports Medicine Devices Market – Transparency Market Research

§ May 7th, 2016 § Filed under Nano Medicine Comments Off on Sports Medicine Devices Market – Transparency Market Research

Chapter 1 Introduction

1.1 Report Description

1.2 Market Segmentation

1.3 Research Methodology

1.3.1 Secondary Research

1.3.2 Primary Research

1.4 List of Abbreviations

1.5 Assumptions and Stipulations

Chapter 2 Executive Summary

Chapter 3 Global Sports Medicine Devices Market Overview

3.1 Market Definition and Overview

3.2 Market Drivers

3.2.1 Rising Awareness for Health Fitness Amongst Baby Boomers

3.2.2 Online Marketing Boosting the Growth of Support and Recovery Products

3.2.3 Rise In Number of Sports Medicine Associations

3.2.4 Motivation for Physically Challenged Sports Activities

3.3 Market Restraints

3.3.1 Dominance of Local Players Manufacturing Support and Recovery Products in Sports Medicines

3.3.2 Lack of Reimbursement for Academic Sports Injuries

3.3.3 Reduction in Budget Allocation To Sports

3.4 Market Opportunities

3.4.1 Innovations in implant and prosthetics technology

3.4.2 Development in Performance Monitoring Devices

3.5 Porters Five Force Analysis: Global Sports Medicine Devices Market, for Orthopedic Products

3.5.1 Bargaining Power Of Suppliers

3.5.2 Bargaining Power Of Buyers

3.5.3 Threat From New Entrants

3.5.4 Threat From Substitutes

3.5.5 Competitive Rivalry

3.6 Porters Five Force Analysis: Global Sports Medicine Devices Market, for Sports and Recovery Products

3.6.1 Bargaining Power Of Suppliers

3.6.2 Bargaining Power Of Buyers

3.6.3 Threat From New Entrants

3.6.4 Threat From Substitutes

3.6.5 Competitive rivalry

3.7 Market Attractiveness Analysis: Global Sports Medicine Devices Market, by Geography

Chapter 4 Global Sports Medicine Devices Market , By Orthopedic Products

4.1 Introduction

4.1.1 Global Sports Medicine Devices Market, by Orthopedic Products,2011 - 2019 (USD Million)

4.2 Artificial Joint Implants

4.2.1 Global Artificial Joint Implants, Market Revenue, 2011 - 2019 (USD Million)

4.3 Fracture repair

4.3.1 Global Fracture Repair Devices, by Orthopedic Products, Market Revenue, 2011 - 2019 (USD Million)

4.4 Arthroscopy Devices

4.4.1 Global Arthroscopy Devices Market Revenue, 2011 - 2019 (USD Million)

4.5 Prosthesis

4.5.1 Global Prosthesis in Sports Medicines, Market Revenue, 2011 - 2019 (USD Million)

4.6 Orthobiologics

4.6.1 Global Orthobiologics, Market Revenue, 2011 - 2019 (USD Million)

Chapter 5 Global Sports Medicine Devices market , By Recovery& Support Products

5.1 Introduction

5.1.1 Global Sports Medicine Devices Market, by Recovery and Support Products ,2011 - 2019 (USD Million)

5.2 Braces

5.2.1 Global Braces Market in Sports Medicine, Market Revenue, 2011 - 2019 (USD Million)

5.3 Other Recovery Products

5.3.1 Global Other Recovery Products in Sports Medicines, Market Revenue, 2011 - 2019 (USD Million)

5.3.2 Cryotherapy Devices Global Cryotherapy Devices in Sports Medicines, Market Revenue, 2011 - 2019 (USD Million)

5.3.3 Thermotherapy Devices Global Thermotherapy Devices in Sports Medicines, Market Revenue, 2011 - 2019 (USD Million)

5.3.4 Ultrasound Therapy Global Ultrasound Therapy Devices, in Sports Medicines, Market Revenue, 2011 - 2019 (USD Million)

5.3.5 Electrical Stimulation Devices Global Electrical Stimulation Devices in Sports Medicines, Market Revenue, 2011 - 2019 (USD Million)

5.4 Performance Monitoring Devices

5.4.1 Global Performance Monitoring Devices in Sports Medicines, Market Revenue, 2011 - 2019 (USD Million)

5.5 Accessories

5.5.1 Global Accessories, by Recovery and Support Products, Market Revenue, 2011 - 2019 (USD Million)

Chapter 6 Global Sports Medicine Devices Market, by Geography

6.1 Introduction

6.1.1 Global Sports Medicine Devices Market, by Geography, 2011 2019 (USD Million)

6.1.2 Global Sports Medicine Devices Market, by Geography, 2012 and 2019 (USD Million)

6.2 North America

6.2.1 North America Sports Medicine Devices Market, by Geography, 2011 2019 (USD Million)

6.3 Europe

6.3.1 European Sports Medicine Devices, Market revenue, by Geography, 2011 2019 (USD Million)

6.4 Asia Pacific

6.4.1 Asia-Pacific Sports Medicine Devices Market, by Geography, 2011 2019 (USD Million)

6.5 Rest of the World (RoW)

6.5.1 RoW Sports Medicine Devices Market, by Geography, 2011 2019 (USD Million)

Chapter 7 Competitive Landscape

7.1 Market Share Analysis: Global Sports Medicine Devices Market

7.1.1 Methodology

7.1.2 Analysis

7.1.3 Market Share Analysis for the Global Orthopaedic Sports Medicine Devices Market, By Key Players, 2012

7.1.4 Market Share Analysis for the Global Recovery and Support Sports Medicine Devices Market, by key players, 2012

Chapter 8 Recommendations

8.1 Expansion through Mergers, Acquisitions and Joint Ventures

8.2 Investing in Developing Economies may prove to be Profitable in the near Future

8.3 Compression Clothing Market to Witness Faster Growth

Chapter 9 Company Profiles

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Sports Medicine Devices Market - Transparency Market Research

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Department of Urology: Research – Urinary Incontinence …

§ May 7th, 2016 § Filed under Nano Medicine Comments Off on Department of Urology: Research – Urinary Incontinence …

Voiding dysfunction and urinary incontinence are conditions in which the bladder is not able to store urine properly (incontinence) or conditions in which the bladder is not able to empty properly (voiding dysfunction).

The incontinence is often categorized by the symptoms that are experienced. The accidental leakage of urine during activities such as coughing, laughing, sneezing, or lifting heavy objects is called stress urinary incontinence (SUI). A sudden and strong feeling of the need to pass urine resulting in urine leakage is called urge urinary incontinence (UUI). A combination of both stress incontinence and urge incontinence is called mixed urinary incontinence MUI).

Voiding dysfunction is often described by symptoms such as frequency (urinating more than 8 times per day), urgency (strong need to urinate) and urine retention (unable to empty your bladder). The problem can affect both women and men. In men, these symptoms can also be due to an enlarged prostate, a condition known as Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH). BPH can cause many of the urinary symptoms and it can be present with other conditions as well.

The following are studies that are enrolling participants. The studies are listed by the condition being studied. (Click on the links for more information)

For more information about stress urinary incontinence, you can visit the sites below:

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Department of Urology: Research - Urinary Incontinence ...

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Sports Medicine Research – Nationwide Children’s Hospital

§ May 7th, 2016 § Filed under Nano Medicine Comments Off on Sports Medicine Research – Nationwide Children’s Hospital

Our staff of doctors, athletic trainers and physical therapists is trained to provide age-appropriate care for our patients. We emphasize the importance of early injury recognition and treatment in order to prevent recurring injuries. In addition to treatment, we partner with parents and coaches to focus on injury prevention, conditioning and age-appropriate activities.

Researchers at Nationwide Childrens Hospital have conducted studies on sports injuries, functional body control, injury prevention and more. In addition to the information on this page, browse our articles or find an answer to a frequently asked question.

The Center for Injury Research and Policy (CIRP) at The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital is home to the only team in the country collecting sports injury surveillance data in a national sample of high school athletes. Through the National High School Sports-Related Injury Surveillance Study, certified athletic trainers from U.S. high schools use an internet-based data collection tool, RIO (Reporting Information Online), to prospectively report athletic exposure and injury data for athletes participating in 18 sports.

Learn more about The National High School Sports-Related Injury Surveillance Study

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Sports Medicine Research - Nationwide Children's Hospital

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